*Copyright 2015 A. Sokolowski
Do not reproduce without permission*

Philosophy is written in this grand book – I mean the universe — which stands continually open to our gaze. But it cannot be understood unless one first learns to comprehend the language and interpret the characters in which it is written. It is written in the language of mathematics, and its characters are triangles, circles, and other geometric figures, without which it is humanly impossible to understand a single word of it.

— Galileo Galilei, Il Saggiatore (1623)

## Ancient Knowledge

In this article we present few** amazing “coincidences”** showing that **people knew the size and movements of our planet thousands of years ago **and **encrypted it in their writings and monuments**…. For example, **units of measure reflect ancient knowledge about the size of the Earth.**

Today we are simply amazed when we discover what **ancient builders of temples and monuments knew.
**

**Design (size, proportions, units of measure, and orientation)**of practically all

**ancient structures**reveals

**advanced knowledge of astronomy, geodesy and geometry*.**

**Geometry** (Ancient Greek: geo- “**earth**“, -metron “**measurement**“) was originally dealing with **measuring of the earth.** In our article “** How ancient astronomers could have establish dimensions of the Earth?**” we present a

**simple method of establishing circumference (and diameter) of the earth**that (most likely) was used by the ancient astronomers.

**Later in this article we will look closer at these (and more) intriguing facts:**

**1,000 x 360 x 365.24 = 131,486,400**

**131,486,400 feet = 40,077.055 km**

This shows amazing connection of** the foot** (unit of length) to **365.24 days in a year** and the **equatorial circumference of the Earth!**

—

There are **360 degrees, 21,600 minutes, 1,296,000 seconds in a circle.
**Dividing this number by

**2 x Pi**gives us Radius of the circle.

**The radius in length is 206,264.806 . . . units.**By dividing it by 10,000 we get

**20.626 which**is the

**length of a Royal Egyptian Cubit in English inches, now accepted in the scholarly world.**

—

### We ask this question: *How did they know?*

*How did they know?*

*Pyramids of Giza**Pyramid of Kukulkan at Chichen Itza*

*Pyramid of the sun at Teotihuacan*

## Units of Measure and Earth

**Units of measure **we use today are derived from** the size (and movements) of our planet.
The same applies to the ancient units of measure. In fact we inherited from our ancient ancestors, many of units of measure we use today.**

*Official Circumference of the Earth:
*

**40,075,017 m**(equatorial)

**40,007,860 m**(meridional)

**Nautical Mile and Meter**

A **nautical mile** (symbol **M**, **NM** or **nmi**) is a unit of distance that is represents **one minute of arc measured along any meridian.**

By international agreement it has been set at 1,852 metres.

*Note: 1 min of the earth’s arc measured in meters = meridian/(360×60) = 40,000,000 m/21600 = 1852 m*

The **metre** is the base unit of length in the International System of Units (SI). The SI unit symbol is **m**.

Today, the metre is defined as the distance traveled by light in a specific fraction – about one three-hundred millionths – of a second.

**The original definition of meter*** was based on dividing **one quarter of meridian into 10,000,000 parts** (see image above).

**The metre was originally defined in 1793 as one ten-millionth of the distance from the equator to the North Pole.**

In 1889, it was redefined in terms of a **prototype metre bar** (the actual bar used was subsequently changed twice).

In 1960, the **metre was redefined** in terms of a certain number of wavelengths of a certain emission line of krypton-86. In 1983, the current definition was adopted.

**Imperial Foot**

Although many historians suggest that the **human body** has been used to provide the **basis for units of length,** much closer inspection of these units **reveals their astronomical origin**.

**Ancient units of measure** reflect advanced knowledge of geodesy and astronomy…

**Examples:**

A **foot** is a **unit of length in the imperial and US customary systems of measurement.** Historically the “foot” was a part of many local systems of units, including the **Greek, Roman, Chinese, French, and English systems. **Since 1959, both units have been defined by international agreement as equivalent to **0.3048 meters** exactly. In both systems, the foot comprises **12 inches** and three feet (36 inches) compose a yard.

**Here is truly one “cosmic” coincidence:**

Official Circumference of the Earth

**40,075.017 km (equatorial)**- 40,007.86 km (meridional)

**If we multiply number of days in one year by number of degrees in a circle by 1,000 we get: **

** 1,000 x 360 x 365.24 = 131,486,400**

**131,486,400 feet = 40,077.055 km**

This shows amazing connection of the foot to **365.24 days in a year** and the **equatorial circumference of the Earth!**

### Royal Egyptian Cubit

*Official version: *The **cubit** is an ancient unit based on the forearm length from the middle finger tip to the elbow bottom. Lengths ranged between 38 to 51.8 cm (15.0 to 20.4 in) during the ancient Egyptian to Roman empires. Cubits of various lengths were employed in many parts of the world in antiquity, during the Middle Ages and as recently as Early Modern Times.

The **Ancient Egyptian ****royal cubit** (20.62 inches = 0.5237 m) is the earliest attested standard measure. Cubit rods were used for the measurement of length.

These cubit rods range from 523 to 529 mm (20.6 to 20.8 in) in length, and are **divided into seven** palms; each palm is divided into **four** fingers.

*The earliest written mention of the cubit occurs in the Epic of Gilgamesh. The incomplete text is extant in twelve tablets written in Akkadian found at Nineveh in the library of Ashurbanipal, king of Assyria (669–630? BCE). Other fragments dated from 1800?BCE contain parts of the text, and still more fragments mentioning this epic have been found dating from the 2nd millennium BCE. The cubit is specifically mentioned in the text when describing a flood as remarkably similar and predating the flood mentioned in Genesis. *

*The earliest attested standard measure is from the Old Kingdom pyramids of Egypt. It was the royal cubit (mahe). The royal cubit was 523 to 525?mm (20.6 to 20.64 inches) in length: and was subdivided into 7 palms of 4 digits each, for a 28-part measure in total. The royal cubit is known from Old Kingdom architecture dating from at least as early as the construction of the Step Pyramid of Djoser around 2,700 BCE.*

*The truth* is that cubit (just like foot) was **not based on human anatomy** but **geodesy, geometry and astronomy** *( 7 days of the week, 4 x 7 = 28 days of lunar month)!*

—

*In the writings of Eratosthenes, the Greek schoe?nus was 12,000 royal cubits assuming a 0.525 meter. *

*The*

**stade was 300 royal cubits**or 157.5 meters or 516.73 feet.

**Eratosthenes gave 250,000 stadia for circumference of the earth.**

**Strabo and Pliny indicated 252,000 stadia for the circumference and 700 stadia for a degree.**Pliny’s estimate of earth’s size was very close to the modern official value:

360 x 700 = 252,000 stadia

252,000 x 300 = 75,600,000 royal cubits

**1 royal cubit = 40,000,000m/75,600,000 = 0.529m = 20.83 inch**

—

Circumference (2 x Pi x R) of a circle with radius R = 1, divided by 12 is equal:

**2xPi/12 = 0.5236**

**0.5236 m = 20.614 inch = 1 Royal Egyptian Cubit**

Since** meter is defined by the Earth’s circumference, **there is clear connection of cubit and the size of our planet

### Unexpected numeric coincidences:

1. **Earth’s meridional circumference is 40,008 km ***(by modern estimate)*

If ancient architects divided the **radius of the earth** into **12,000,000 units**, circumference of meridian would be 2 x Pi x R = 7,539,822.69 **units****1 such unit** would have physical length of 40,008,000 m / 7,539,822.69 = 0.53 m = **20.866 inch** = **1 Royal Egyptian Cubit** with accuracy 1.2%

If **Royal Egyptian Cubit** was defined as **12,000,000 ^{th} part of the Earth’s Radius, the radius would have value of
**12,000,000 x 20.63 inch = 247,560,000 inches =6,288 km, which is very close to the official value: 6,367 km (1.2 % difference).

2. **Circumference** of any circle has this **number of seconds of arc:**

360 x 60 x 60 = **1,296,000**

Radius of such circle would have:

1,296,000/(2xPi) = **20.62648** x **10,000** units

**20.626 inch** is extremely close approximation of 1 **Royal Egyptian Cubit, **unit of length used during construction of the pyramids of Giza.

*Note: *

1,296,000 x **100** feet = 129,600,000 feet = 39,502.08 km

If this was ancient estimate of the meridional circumference of Earth, its Radius would be 20,626,481 feet or** 6,287 km ***(official radius of the Earth: 6367 km).*

3. **Sun’s circumference** is exactly **109.1** times longer than the earth’s circumference.

This number multiplied by **24** is 26184.4 and divided by **5000** = 0.52368.

**0.52368 meters = 20.617323 inch = 1 Royal Egyptian Cubit**

**TMU**

There is an amazing correlation between the Royal Egyptian Cubit and **TMU** (Teotihuacan Measurement Unit – used during pyramids construction in Teotihuacan in Mexico):

*Copyright 2015 A. Sokolowski*

There is unexpected **connection between Royal Egyptian Cubit and TMU:**

This correlation gives value of 0.52375 m or exactly** 20.620 inch for Royal Egyptian Cubit **

**Ancient Legacy of 12, 24, 60 and 360 **

Most people today do not realize that** foundations of modern distance and time measuring systems **were **created by earliest known civilizations** (going back thousands of years to the area of Mesopotamia). The key numbers for these counting systems were **12, 24, 60 and 360. **

Astrology with the 12 constellations of Zodiac originated in Sumeria and it represents the true origins of the zodiac.

*Sumerian astrology tablet, dating from c. 2,300 BC*

*12 signs of Egyptian Zodiac *

*It is presumed that the Babylonians invented the division of the circle into 360 degrees. It’s not clear why they used 360. [ note: this article may provide the answers ] *

*One theory is that back in early Sumerian times they divided the day into 12 “time-miles” – the time required to travel a “Babylonian mile” [ 360 m = 60 rods, each rod was 12 cubits, and each cubit was c. 0.5 m ] . Since a day is one revolution of the sky, that corresponds to dividing a complete revolution into 12 parts. For convenience, the “Babylonian mile” was subdivided into 30 parts, and that gives 360 subdivisions of the circle. See e.g. Eves, “An Introduction to the History of Mathematics”, sec. 2-4.*

This Zodiac Wheel from ancient Egypt is divided into 36 De-cans:

**We still divide 1 day into 24 hours, each hour into 60 minutes and each minute into 60 seconds.**

- We also do not question that
**circle**should be divided into**360 degrees, each degree into 60 minutes, each minute into 60 seconds.** - Big part of the modern world still uses
**Imperial units of length: feet**which are**divided into 12 inches**

*Note: 1 mile is divided into 5280 feet (12 x 440) feet, also 1 mile = 1760 yards (4x 440)*

*BTW, Great Pyramid of Giza has base = 440 Royal Egyptian Cubits which results in perimeter = 1760 Royal Egyptian Cubits).
1 mile = 63,360 inches. Now notice something strange: 63*360=22680 inches = 1100 Royal Egyptian Cubits*

Considering that humans have** 10 fingers and commonly use base 10 system*** to express and count numbers, it is puzzling** why we don’t apply decimal system to division of circle and time-measuring.**

**The decimal numeral system (also called base ten) has 10 (ten) as its base and it is used in mathematics for writing numbers and performing arithmetic.*

It is most widely used number system by modern civilizations.

**The simplest, “natural” division of circle** could by multiples of 2 or 10.

For example, circle could have 4 quadrants, each divided into 100 units (total **400 “degrees” instead of 360** ).

In fact **the original definition of meter*** was based on dividing one quarter of meridian into 10,000,000 parts.

*The **metre** is the base unit of length in the International System of Units (SI). The SI unit symbol is **m**. Today, the metre is defined as the distance traveled by light in a specific fraction – about one three-hundred millionths – of a second.

**The metre was originally defined in 1793 as one ten-millionth of the distance from the equator to the North Pole.**

In 1889, it was redefined in terms of a **prototype metre bar** (the actual bar used was subsequently changed twice).

In 1960, the **metre was redefined** in terms of a certain number of wavelengths of a certain emission line of krypton-86. In 1983, the current definition was adopted.

We could also use multiples of 2, for example we could divide circle into 64 (2x2x2x2x2x2), 256 or 512 parts and each part would be further divided into 10 or 100 sub-units.

**There must be a good reason why we don’t use decimal system when it comes to measuring circles and time.**

**It seems that ancient people discovered (or were given) advanced principles of astronomy and mathematics** which resulted in **measuring systems** we inherited from them and still use today.

## Secrets of Pi and 360

**The Pi is defined as the ratio of a circle’s circumference to its diameter.**

**Pi is equal to 3.14159265358979323846…** (the digits go on forever without repeating pattern.)

You cannot expect to reveal the actual last digit of pi – Because there isn’t one.

A rough **approximation is 22/7** (=3.1428571…) is expressed in the **design of the Great Pyramid of Giza…**

*For most numerical calculations involving “pi”, a handful of digits provide sufficient precision. According to Jörg Arndt and Christoph Haenel, thirty-nine digits are sufficient to perform most cosmological calculations, because that is the accuracy necessary to calculate the volume of the known universe with a precision of one atom.^{} Despite this, people have worked strenuously to compute Pi to thousands and millions of digits.*

The **Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians, Egyptians, Greeks, Romans** and later **Muslim scholars and the Western World** adopted all these value and universal constants and we are just not sure how they knew it. It seems we still are looking for Aliens and Atlantis – digging here and there and yet** it is right in front of us, if we could only see!**

**Pi = 3.141 592 653 5**…

3 x 1 = 3

3 x 1 x 4 = **12 **(note: 12 divisions of zodiac, 1 foot=12 inches)

3 x 1 x 4 x 1 x 5 =** 60 **(note: 1 hour = 60 min, 1 min = 60 sec)

3 x 1 x 4 x 1 x 5 x 9 = 540 ::: **540/360=1.5 **(note: circle is divided into 360 degrees)**
**3 x 1 x 4 x 1 x 5 x 9 x 2 = 1080 :::

**1080/360=3**(note: 1080 feet = 360 yards)

**3 x 1 x 4 x 1 x 5 x 9 x 2 x 6 = 6480 :::**

**6480/360=18**

3 x 1 x 4 x 1 x 5 x 9 x 2 x 6 x 5 = 32400 :::

**32400/360=90**

3 x 1 x 4 x 1 x 5 x 9 x 2 x 6 x 5 x 3 = 97200 :::

**97200/360=270**

**Notice how 60 and 360 are hidden within the Pi.**

**Perhaps dividing circle into 360 degrees resulted from ancient knowledge of the exact value of the Pi?**

Notice that time is connected to the circle since it is defined by rotation cycle of our planet (one spin cycle when sun returns to zenith):

1 day = 2x 12 hours = 1440 minutes = 86400 seconds (4x 60 x **360**)

*On its orbit around the sun, our planet spins exactly 366 times (measured in reference to the stars). Perhaps in very ancient past it was 360?)*

**Here is unbelievable “coincidence”:**

“Pi” approximated to the 9^{th} decimal place is exactly

**Pi = 3.141 592 654**

3 x 1 x 4 x 1 x 5 x 9 x 2 x 6 x 5 x 4 =** 129,600 (equal 360 x 360) **

129,600 x 2 = **25,920** x 10

which is **10x Earth’s precession cycles** ( 10 x period of **precession of the equinoxes**)

*The Earth is spinning on its axis in a counter-clockwise direction, and rotating around the sun also in a counter-clockwise direction, while the earth’s spinning axis wobbles like a gyroscope in a clockwise direction. As the result, as the twelve constellations appear to move clockwise along/around the horizon during the course of its annual rotation around the sun during a year, the constellations, from spring or fall equinox to equinox,appear to move counterclockwise at the rate of 72 years/per degree, or one full wobble in 25,920 years (also known as Great Year).of the earth’s axis.*

The galactic year is the duration of time required for the Solar System to orbit once around the center of our galaxy (the Milky Way). Estimated length of the galactic year is close to 1000 precession cycles of the Earth.

### Connection of Distance and Time

Our planet spins on its axis and also moves on its orbit around the Sun.

No matter what units of time we apply, the property of Earth movement is such that it will **rotate on its axis exactly 366.25 times while completes its full orbit **around the Sun, **however** sun will pass above selected point on earth’s surface (e.g. Great Pyramid) exactly** 365.25 t**imes per orbit.

*Note: The Earth m**akes 360 degrees rotation around its axis in relation to the distant stars in one “sidereal day”. However, **in relation to the sun, **due to the earth’s orbital movement, it rotates on its axis **a bit more than 360° per (solar) day. This way in 1 year the Earth makes 1 extra rotation in relation to stars.However, we define our 24 hour “day” relative to the Sun, not relative to the Earth’s actual rotation. If we didn’t do this, then “Noon” would occur a little later each day until “Noon” was happening at night!*

At present, Earth orbits the Sun once every 366.25 times it rotates about its own axis, which is equal to 365.25 solar days, or one sidereal year.

*BTW, we can only wonder if our planet was originally set on a perfect orbit with 360 days per year and slowed down due to some major catastrophe (asteroid impact which slowed it down – and/or perhaps ejected the material to form the moon)…? *

*Also, selecting 365 for division of a circle into smaller units, would not be practical due to the fact that 365 is not good for further divisions: 365=5×73.
On the other hand, 360 can be divided in multiple ways:
360=3x 1x2x3x4x5 ) and also
360= 10x (1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8).*

### Units of Length and Pi

There are many units of measure we use today. Most of us don’t even understand what was their origin. Here are few mind-blowing facts.

Circle with Radius R has circumference 2 x Pi x R.

**This formula is independent of units we use to measure R.**

The formula can also be used to **define units of length.
**Let’s define a

**practical unit of length**(convenient for measuring travelling distance on our planet) and make another smaller unit 12 times smaller.

Also, we want to make our unit to reflect our knowledge about 3 important numbers: 1000* (decimal system), 360 (degrees in a circle) and 365.24 (length of 1 year).

**Note: If we divide Earth equator into number of days in a year (365.24) each unit (very close to 1 deg) could be further divided into regular minutes and seconds (60×60) and 100th…*

Circumference of Earth measured in our units of length:

2*Pi*R [units] = 360*365.24*1000 (we want this number to be the circumference measured in our units)

Therefore R [units] = 131,486,400/(2*Pi) = 20,926,710.51 [units]

The official measurement of Earth’s equatorial radius is 6,378.1 km = 20,925,525 feet.

20,926,710.51/20,925,525 =1.00005

**This means that the unit we defined is equal 1 foot , and the 12 times smaller unit is 1 inch.**

BTW, Royal Sacred Cubit used during construction of ancient pyramids in Egypt ranges from **20.618 to 20.626 inches
**represents

**sacred number: (360x60x60 = 1296000) circumference of the circle expressed in number of arc-seconds/2*Pi*10000**

**When we use perfect Pi = 3.14159 the REC = 20.6265**

** When Pi is approximated by 22/7 = 3.14286 the REC = 20.618**

## Tribute to Ancient Knowledge: Pyramids of Egypt

The Great Pyramid has** proportions representing Pi:**

**Double Base/Height** = 2*440/280 = 22/7 = 3.14286 (which is reasonable approximation of Pi.)

**No matter what units of measure we use, ****the sides of the Giza Pyramids Rectangle (layout for all 3 pyramids) ****generate the base of the 1st pyramid:**

**If we use Royal Egyptian Cubits: ****1732/1417 = 440/360**

**This rectangle shows also relationship of
the Royal Egyptian Cubit 20.62 inch
to the Sacred Cubit 25.2 inch**

**:**

1732/1417 = 25.2/20.62

### Phi and phi

**phi = 1.61803 39887 49894 84820 45868 34365 63811 77203 09179 80576
**

**phi, 1.618 … is the Golden Ratio in life and the universe.**

** phi + 1 = phi ^{ 2}**

**Phi = 1/phi = 0.618034…**

**Phi = phi – 1**

**( 1 + sqrt(5) )/2 = 1.61803 3988… **

which is an excellent approximation of Phi

**The following formula connects “Pi” (3.14159…) and “phi ” (1.6180…):**

**(6/5 ) x phi**^{ 2} = Pi

^{ 2}= Pi

*or*

(12/5) x **phi ^{ 2} = 2 x Pi **

**sqrt(phi) nearly equals 4/pi**

( 1.272 vs 1.273 )

**Area of any square divided by the area of the inscribed circle** is well approximated by** 1.273 = sqrt(phi) = 1 + 3/11**

**The (blue) area of the square minus the area of the inscribed circle divided by the area of the circle is equal:**

**(4-Pi)/Pi= 0.273**

**It is incredible that this Formula:
**

**(6/5 ) x phi**

^{ 2}= Pi**is expressed by the numbers describing Pyramids of Giza !!!**

Here is how:

**Proportions (base to height ratio) of the 1st Pyramid: 11/7**

**Proportions (base to height ratio) of the 2nd Pyramid: 3/2**

**Proportions (base to height ratio) of the 3rd Pyramid: 8:/5**

**(6/5 ) x phi**^{ 2} = Pi

^{ 2}= Pi

can be also written as:

2 x Pi = (24/10) x phi^{2}

**This formula written with ratios of all 3 pyramids:**

*Notes:*

**the Great Pyramid is a Golden Pyramid: length of the slope side (356) divided by half of the side (440/2 = 220) height is equal to 1.6181818… which is the Golden Ratio Phi**

**356/220 = 1.618 = phi**

## PS The Intelligence

**by Ernest Moyer**

Sometime in remote antiquity, somewhere in the Middle East, someone devised a method for dealing with circles:

**He said there are 360 degrees, 21,600 minutes, 1,296,000 seconds in a circle.
**This rule is true regardless of the size of the circle: one inch diameter or a million miles. As such it has no mathematical dimension.

Expressed mathematically, and true for all circles, the Circumference is equal to 2 Pi times the Radius, C = 2 Pi R, or, exchanging symbols, R = C/2 Pi.

If we divide this last number, 1,296,000, by 2 Pi, *6.28318531 . . ., we get a statement about the property of the radius of the circle:
*

**The radius in length is 206,264.806 . . . units.**The number *206,265 is used by astronomers to estimate celestial objects that are at great distances. For example One Parsec is equal to 206,265 AU, where AU is the distance from the sun to the earth.
*

*However, our interest is terrestrial, not celestial. We can take the number of units in the radius of a circle and massage it into a form that is much easier to manipulate. We do this by reducing the size of the number.*

*The number 10,000 would not occur naturally, by itself. It is a number devised by intelligent mind.*

**We can divide this number by 10,000.**

*The fact that 10,000 is so neatly suited to our goal makes it outstanding as an intelligent step in our process.
*

**We get 20.626,480****units.**

*This number is purely intellectual. It has no basis in the literal world. It is defined mathematically.*

*We should remember that this number is defined as a distance along the radius of the circle which constitutes our intellectual framework.*

I shall now show why this is such a startling number.

**20.626+ **is the **length of a Royal Egyptian Cubit in English inches, now accepted in the scholarly world.**

Within our ability to measure, the two numbers are identical, one an intellectual creation from long in the past, the other a measured length.

**How could this be?**

To say that we have in the Egyptian Royal Cubit an uncanny mathematical and geodetic display is inadequate to the reality.

**Unseen forces created, and preserved, a record in our earthly social system that is stunning in its implications.**

Somewhere in our past, before the Egyptians of 6,000 BC, and the Babylonians who followed, was a **social influence that left a permanent imprint on mankind.** But that imprint was buried; it was not visible to the social eye. Only hints of it came from the ancient philosophers who wrote about it.

In his book, *Science Awakening*, B. L. Van der Waerden attempted to portray science coming to life under a philosophical model of slow evolution out of primitive savagery. For him, and for most of the modern intellectual world, these were the beginnings of civilized man. But Van der Waerden failed to grasp the phenomenon he was attempting to assess. This was not Science Awakening; it was Science Going to Sleep. Only in more recent centuries has science come to life again, after many millennia of slumber.

I shall not engage in a dissertation on the historic record of those ancient events. However, it is important to recognize that this uncanny influence did not derive from a world that had a common civilization. **The influence came from a highly cultured social group that existed in relative isolation in the regions of the Near East. That group was intended to uplift primitive man.** Their work was hardly begun when a great default took place. The members of that group scattered to other parts of the world and left a record of their influence in various ways, from linguistic, to social practices, to such scientific displays.

How unfortunate that modern man, with his self-created and conceited philosophies, cannot admit to the key that would open his eyes to the true history of the world, and a higher reality.

The phenomenon of the **Royal Egyptian Cubit** was buried until such time as later man would become aware of its existence. **This awakening took more than five thousand years.** We cannot penetrate this mystery without invoking an intelligence behind the design that led to such startling reappearance. **But even more, the preservation of components that included the definition of the measure of the radius of the earth, the definition of the surface measure, and the unique measuring system of the Egyptians, could not have been accomplished without some unknown and unacknowledged power.**

At some point in time, if mankind did not first destroy himself, some human being would come along who would penetrate this mystery.

*Copyright 2002 by Ernest Moyer*

## PS Ancient Heritage

I have always been interested in **astronomy and cosmology** from the **viewpoint of ancient cultures,** but that aside, one has to look at their overall understanding of **calendars, time and dates, buildings, sacred monuments, mathematics, geometry, their city centers, trade routes, technology, language of priests** and peasants, the **language of their Gods** and **the way they civilized the population, war and kingship, battles and war tools, what they taught, their laws, traditions, dialects oral or written, influences that affect stability, artifacts and materials used, whom they went to for guidance or intervention, medicine and how they cultivated or divided the land, their desire or aspirations, skills of carpenters, masons, miners, access to water and spices used, establishment of trade routes, names of famous writes or advisers and leaders that supported the structure and community and how they protected themselves from outsiders etc, etc.**

I do believe that each of us has to look at all the aspects as far back as possible, and see **how the facts need to be interpreted for all humanity**. This is our** ancient heritage**, whether this relates to Pyramids or Stone Circles, any artifact has to be placed as to identify what was the thinking process and what was its purpose. If we are divided in opinion we will fail to get to the truth.

We know that even nomadic hunters had to follow the food trail and moved from place to place in order to survive. Once we started lived in a fixed point, we had to get the food, water, tools, knowledge etc to come to us. We had to therefore interact, so whom did we interact with and why? Being fixed meant suffering bad and good conditions, so how did we survive the difficult months, how did we adopt to changing climate and natural disasters, disease and in fighting.

**When did we first seem to know about the mechanics of the Earth,** by looking at the stars and building an idea of time, by looking at the day/night cycles, months and seasons, so we knew when to sow and harvest, when to have children to give the best chance of survival, **how to explain these movements of stars to new generations and give them a better chance of survival.** When did we look at each aspect of life as a cycle, like the moon and planets nearest to our own Earth. **How did we encode this information of cycles of time and space into great Epic Sagas developed into cosmic cycles and myths and legends so each generation could remember their heritage and understand social responsibility.**

We talk of Plato and Atlantis, King Solomon’s mines, the Temple of Solomon, The Books of the Jews and Israelites and how the cosmos is 13.6999 billion years old, but despite all this know how and intellectual depth we have more problems today than our ancestors faced, more financial tsunamis each day and maybe it’s just my opinion but we have not found ONE DAY on Earth we celebrate peace, it eludes us, it’s not in our grasp, but we are more interested in wealth and achieving immortality.

**— visitor’s comment** submitted on Dec 9, 2011 by “Megabites4u”

## Order in Cosmos

Our Universe appears to be chaotic and random, however a closer look reveals that **geometric and harmonic principles** are ruling the physical reality. There is an **underlying order in Cosmos**, and **people knew about it thousands of years ago.**

*On closer look, order emerges from apparent chaos…*

**Orbits of Venus and the Earth** are yet another example of cosmic harmony.

*This image shows the proportions of the orbit of the Earth and Venus (if the diameter the Earth’s orbit is equal to diagonal of a square, the orbit of Venus would fit inside such square as shown on the drawing.*

A square with two circles so one fits inside a square and the other outside the square, represents accurately **proportions of the orbits of Venus and Earth. **

Let’s draw points on each circle representing position of each planet on its orbit for same day *(365 points for the orbit of the Earth and 225 points for the orbit of Venus), and * connect these points with lines (*between orbital positions of each planet for each day*) – picking for the starting point a day when both planets are closest to each other.

After repeating this process for 8 orbits of the Earth the lines form this amazing image:

*This image (to scale) shows the “dance” of Venus and Earth – each of the fine lines connects both planets over time required to complete 8 orbits by Earth (and 13 orbits by Venus). Orbit of Earth is cropped out. **Copyright by World-Mysteries.com*

**Planets of the solar system are not at random distances from the sun.**

The modern formulation of the **Titus-Bode law** is that the **mean distance a of the planet from the Sun** in astronomical units ( AU = 149.6 x 10^{6} km ) is:

# ** a = 0.4 + 0.3 x k **

where **k=0, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128**

(*sequence of powers of two* – from Pascal’s Triangle)

### Moon and Earth

The cosmological relationship of the Earth and the Moon shows the **harmonious numerical design.**

The Moon’s **orbital distance from the Earth equals 30 Earth’s diameters ***(the Sun is 389 times further than the moon from the earth, while the radius of the sun is 400 times of the radius of the moon). *As the result

**the moon**

**appears almost the same size in the sky as the Sun**, allowing it to

**cover the Sun nearly precisely in total solar eclipses.**

Is this

**matching of apparent visual size**simply an unusual coincidence or result of some cosmic harmony ?

**Ratio 0.273**

Moon diameter = 0.2732 Earth (polar) diameter

Moon orbital period: 27.32 days

Moon rotation period: 27.32 days

**3/11 = 0.273***(3/11 = 0.2727272…)***1/366 = 0.002732****4/Pi = 1.2732**

Surface of a circle with radius R=1 is given by expression S = Pi x R^{2} = Pi x 1 = Pi

Surface of a square superscribed on this circle (side A = 2 ) is given by expression S = A x A = 4

## Links

For more information, please read these subject related articles:

- Decoding Giza Pyramids – Part 1
- Decoding Giza Pyramids – Part 2
- Decoding Giza Pyramids – Part-3
- Numbers Magick — World Mysteries Blog
- Unexpected Numbers — World Mysteries Blog
- Numbers Don’t Lie – Ancient Metrology — World Mysteries Blog
- Sacred Geometry — World Mysteries Blog
- The Divine Numbers
- The Great Pyramid – Earth’s Natural Prime Meridian
- Happiness Interrupted – Metrological Confusion

- Ancient Timekeepers, Part 1: Movements of the Earth
- Ancient Timekeepers, Part 2: Observing the Sky
- Ancient Time Keepers, Part 3: Archaeoastronomy
- Ancient Timekeepers, Part 4: Calendars
- Ancient Timekeepers, Part 5: Units of Measurement

## —–

*This article was prepared by Alex Sokolowski*