by András Göczey, an architect
Most pyramids around the world were built at purposefully selected geographic locations, and designed to display important astronomical data (often related to solar and lunar cycles/calendars).
Andras Goczey (Hungarian architect) discovered that 6 small satellite pyramids near the Three Pyramids of Giza display key elements of both solar and lunar calendar…
Going back in time, with help of astronomy software, Robert Bauval determined that around 10, 500 B.C. the Sphinx was looking directly at the most important star of the Leo constellation (raising over the eastern horizon).
As no data on the construction of the Sphinx is available, it must be mentioned that the small line drawn across the most important stars, has been drifting continuously when viewed on the day of the equinox (since 10, 500 B.C. ). The small line shifts 1 degree every 72 years. Making a complete circle, that corresponds to 360 degrees, requires 25, 920 years (due to precession).
The lines of direction of the Khufu pyramid pointing at the southern stars of Sirius and Orion’s belt have been also drifting continuously during 8, 000 years starting from 10, 500 B.C.
Every Spring on 21 of March, the Sphinx located East of the pyramid of Khefren, is pointing towards East. One day before, or one day later, makes the difference of about 2 meters! In 25, 920 years to return to 21 of March for a long year!
Since the Sphinx looked at the Leo constellation, (the Sirius was not visible at that time), the line has moved 38 degrees from the approximated 11 degrees (in 8,000 years), since the time of pyramids building. In comparison to the 11 degrees, the direction shows a change of 47 degrees for the full circle, i.e. 13 thousand years. The large clock of the Sphinx showing the 25, 920 years cycle, indicates the exact time period the pyramids at Giza were built!
On is the eastern side of the pyramid, there is small wall ( 10 m in height) going from north to the south. Near that wall there is location where the small stars pass above the wall!
In 8 000 years they drift by 38 degrees.This north to south wall was used to observe the small stars highest point! Szemlél is the point from where you can observe the stars!
Sphinx might be older than Giza pyramids
The erosion found on the side of the Sphinx’s body could only be caused by rainwater. The area where the Sphinx was situated at the eastern border of Sahara has been very dry for long time during the past 5 000 years. According to the geologist Robert Schoch, it dates back to an earlier rainy period, at least 5 000 to 7 000 B.C. (estimate by R.Schoch).
At that time, the climate there was very different from the current one. All the longitudinal traces caused by water erosion on the original Sphinx statue existed as early as the beginning of the dry period, i.e. 2500 B.C. As a new head had to be carved to resemble the current pharaoh at every renovation, the head on the old body visible in present days must have been formed at that time as well. Two old pictures show the different heads, and they also show that the new head is not at its original place!
Here will be the two Sfinx with the wrong place head of the Sphinx.
The paws are 50 feet long (15m) while the entire length is 150 feet (45m).The head is 30 (10m) feet long and 14 feet (4m) wide. It is 200 feet long and 65 feet high. The head is noticeably out of proportion in context with the body.
Above, drawing showing what Sphinx may have once looked like.
Khufu’s Hidden Calendar
by András Göczey, Hungarian architect
It is the common opinion of Egyptologists, that the small pyramids next to the great pyramid of Khufu served as burial places for the relatives of the Pharaoh. The northernmost one is the pyramid of Hetepheres, the middle one is that of Meritetes while the southernmost one was that of Hanutsen.
Certain facts, which have not been previously considered, indicate that there is a possibility that the pyramids — due to their ground plan arrangement — are not only burial places but also key components of a solar calendar.
As a result of the position of the Ghiza Necropolis on the 30 degrees latitude the rays of the rising Sun accurately indicate the direction of due east at the time of the autumnal and vernal equinoxes; while the Sunrise is directed 28 degrees to the north of this (i.e. N62ºE) at the time of the summer solstice and 28 degrees to the south of this (i.e. S62ºE) at the time of the winter solstice. These angles were purposely embedded into the relative positions of the Khufu’s pyramid and the 3 Queens pyramids!
The distance of SP and apex of Meritetes is 110 m, the distance between the apexes of Meritetes and Hetepheres is 59,25 m (by Wikipedia); tan (59,25/110) shows angle 28 degrees!
This image shows sunrise at Giza at the time of the summer solstice. Notice the angle of the raising sun.
Click to enlarge. The image was generated by The Photograppher’s Ephemeris.
When at the time of equinox in both spring and autumn, the rays of rising sun hit the apex of the middle pyramid (Meritetes) horizontally then the shadow of this apex marks a prominently important shade point (SP) on the south-eastern inclined side of the great pyramid of Khufu.
The straight line connecting the projection of this SP location to the projection of the apex of the Meritetes pyramid on the ground plan determines an accurate east-west direction. If a straight line is drawn from the SP (shade point) at an angle of N62ºE (i.e. 62 degrees to the east measured from due north), this straight line intersects the apex of the northernmost pyramid (Hetepheres).
At the time of the summer solstice (the beginning of the year) only the shadow of the northernmost small pyramid of Hetepheres appears on the shadow point date marker. The apex shadow point of Hetepheres starts moving to the North 77-59 cm a day.
At the time of the autumnal equinox, i.e. the 21st of September, the apex of the pyramid of Meritetes appears coincide with the indicated shadow point date marker, with the shadow of Hetepheres near it.The apex shadow point of Meritetes starts moving to the North 59-77 cm a day.
At the time of the winter solstice the shadow of the southernmost small pyramid of Hanutsen appears near the shadow point date marker with the shadows of Meritetes and Hetepheres. The apex shadow point of Meritetes starts moving back to the South 77-59 cm a day.
At the time of the vernal equinox, i.e the 21st of March, the apex of the pyramid of Meritetes appears to coincide with the indicated shadow point date marker, with the shadow of Hetepheres near it. The apex shadow point of Hetepheres starts moving back to the South 59-77 cm a day.
The Video Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d816AkwMbHM
Three small pyramids situated to the east of the pyramid Khufu, have size corresponding to one fifth of the height of the pyramid of Khufu. The northern one called Hetepheres, the middle one called Meritetes, and the southern one called Hanutsen play an important role of time measurement by indicating quarters of the year. By means of their shadow cast on the SP point at one fifth of the south-eastern edge on the south-eastern side of the large Khufu pyramid, the year can be divided into four parts. The Meritetes pyramid determines both the vernal and autumnal equinoxes by casting the shadow of its apex on the eastern SP point of Khufu at sunrise both on the 21st of March and 22nd of September. By casting its shadow on the SP point at sunrise on the 21st of December, the southern small pyramid Hanutsen indicates the winter solstice. By means of the shadow of its apex cast on the SP point at sunrise on 21st June, the northern small pyramid Hethepheres accurately determines the summer solstice.
The morning shadow cast by the northern small pyramid Hetepheres moves between two important points during the year: from the SP point signifying the summer solstice located at one-fifth of the south-eastern inclined side of pyramid, up to the winter solstice in line with the northern wall of the church, its shadow was cast 60 to 70 cm high on the eastern side of Khufu at the height of the SP point each and every morning (see the contemporary ground plan with the small window along the wall). Even if it is not seen at present, the day-to-day shadow travelling back and forth presumably existed at the time of Khufu, thus, each day of the entire year could be marked! It would be the whole year calendar on Khufu’s east side about the height of the small pyramids!
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Note: You can also see the “drift” of the stars during the big year!
1 degree in every 72 years!
25 920 years, 12 stars constellations!
There is one more small pyramid of size 21.7 x 21.7 meters to the east of Khufu, the apex of which indicates the stars that rise at the same angle each morning. Looking from the end of the wall surrounding the large pyramid, a displacement of 1 degree in the course of stars can be observed every 72 years.
See also “Khufu hidden calendar” on YouTube, by András Goczey
Pyramid of Chephren (Khephren aka Khafre)
The Pyramid of Khafre, also known as the Pyramid of Chephren, is the second-tallest and second-largest of the Ancient Egyptian Pyramids of Giza.
The time of the summer and winter solstice is marked by straight lines of 28 degrees each drawn from the apex of Khefren.
The summer solstice is marked by a straight line starting at the pyramid’s apex and going 28 degrees North (from West to East direction) placed on the drawing by J.A.R. Legon in 2000 (27.95 degrees). The line of the winter solstice can be determined by mirroring that line in Southern direction. The north-eastern foot-point of the limestone Khentkawes will be the location of the winter solstice. As the years can be divided into two equal parts this way, the division of the year into two parts was created. The summer solstice is connected to the 21st of June, while the winter solstice to the 21st of December. Today, there are 6 months between the two dates.
250 + 205,5 = 455,5 205,5 + 213 + 440 = 858,5 455,5/858,5 = 0,53 tg almost 28 degrees!
The “Nabta Playa Giza” on youtube, after the Nabta Playa part!
Placing the straight lines of nearly 28 degrees found here onto the Giza drawing is appropriate; as this way the layout plan on a small scale can be obtained!
250 + 205.5 = 455.5
205.5 + 213 + 440 = 858.5
tan-1 (455.5/858.5 = 0.53) = 27.95 deg , almost 28 degrees!
See: The “Nabta Playa Giza” on youtube, after the Nabta Playa part!
See: Nabta Playa Giza on YouTube, András Goczey
Menkaure’s Hidden Calendar
Having seen the division of the year into two parts and into four parts, as well as the marking of each and every day (on Eastern side of pyramid of Khufu), further possible divisions shall be examined.
The three small pyramids situated on the southern side of the pyramid of Menkaure, when viewed in southern direction, make the division of the year into exactly 4 x 7 = 28 days. This can be done by observing the Moon as it changes from the new moon, crescent half-moon, full moon and waning moon during each 28 days. This allows for division into 7, 14, 21 and 28 days (see image below of Ahet-Aton aka Akhenaton), by means of which 2 year period can be exactly divided into 26 x 28 = 728 days.
The 728 days can be divided by 14 almost completely, showing exactly 52 repetitions with the division by 14 mentioned in the drawings. The rest amounts to 0.3% every two years.
Pharaoh Akhenaten, 14 rays might indicate that the disk is not the sun but moon…
The most interesting is that two half Moons are separated by 14 days.
See the “Menkaure hidden calendar” on YouTube, András Goczey
Menkaure, Hathor, and Cynopolite Nome, Old Kingdom, Dynasty V. 2548-2530 BCE Green schist (Greywacke) 3 feet 13/8 inches high (Egyptian Museum, Cairo)
Every woman has a date on the moon of their own: it is of course 28 days menstruation cycle…
Copyright by András Göczey