by TS Caladan
The following definitions are from Champlin’s Encyclopedia, published in 1930. Could mythology be basically true? Were mythical creatures and characters rooted in reality? Analyze the encyclopedia of ‘Art, Literature and Mythology,’ a fascinating set of books, a bit closer to classical times.
What were the origins of old stories? Bible, sacred books of India, Dead Sea Scrolls, Mayan codices and ancient legends recorded true history. Tales have certainly been distorted, passed down over centuries. Legends should be considered colored, tainted, changed accounts or ‘partial truths,’ similar to newspaper reports. Ancient ‘stories’ only lacked modern words which would reveal a fabulous history lost to us.
Greek and Roman mythologies are the exact same as other legends. See beyond the exaggerated and imaginative wealth of incredible tales that have filtered down through time. Myths, as they are remembered today, could be mirrored echoes of actual events from the lost (technical) ‘age of the gods.’
A sample of famous Greek, Roman and other myths are listed in alphabetical order. Much can be learned about the mystery of mythology, the least of which are ORIGINS for many words we commonly use.
Why have the United States, Britain, Germany, Europe, Vatican and everything from paganism to team logos/corporate logos to advertising to naming of cosmic bodies been so obsessed with gods and goddesses of the Romans, Greeks and also Sun Worship?
Do Secret Societies know that ‘Plato’s Atlantis,’ a Super Egypt, tales of ‘brave Ulysses’ as well as other high technologies in the past are generally true? Is the physical (occult) evidence for such things like giants kept away from the public?
Read through legends of gods and goddesses from a very rare set of books. Were the tales another version of angels vs. demons, ‘Sons of Heaven and Earth’ or Atlantean wars and early Egyptian wars?
Greeks were not inventors of medicine, math, science and politics, but inheritors from much older Egyptians. Did they also inherit historically true stories? Romans later consumed what the Greeks inherited.
Were WE powerful gods in the beginning? Do Greek and Roman myths reflect a time before a ‘fall from grace’ and then later, the masses separated and fell from the rest of the immortals? [Edgar Cayce wrote of the separation from light-beings into more human, material forms].
Were heavenly and earthly wars between the Titans and the Giants and the ‘gods’ actual battles that happened in Egypt, the Holy land, India and elsewhere with deserts as scars from great weapons? Was Olympus an ‘Eden,’ the historical paradise? Does mythology mirror the same real events as sacred books of ancient India and the Bible?
Could the wide array of mythical creatures have been genetic DNA experiments by prehistoric scientists? And was a Great Deluge necessary to wipe out a multitude of monsters, radiation and (forbidden fruits of) knowledge that went amok?
You decide. But open your eyes to a new way of viewing old stories…
~ ANUBIS ~ In Egyptian mythology, he was the son of Osiris, usually represented with the head of a jackal. He was the ruler of graves and patron of burials and the dead.
~ APOLLO ~ In Roman mythology (Adonis to Greeks), he was son of Zeus and Latona, twin brother of Artemis (Diana). He was the god of light or Sun God, as his sister was the Moon-goddess. He was the ‘Shining One’ and leader of the nine Muses. Apollo was the God of Music and Poetry and patron of all the arts. He was also the god of healing and protector of the innocent and destroyer of the unjust. He was always portrayed powerfully, radiantly, beautifully and full of energy. Apollo fought the immense serpent, Python, who came out of the slime created by the Great Flood. The skilled musician Orpheus was the son of Apollo and the Muse Calliope. Adonis was known for his many loves and multiple affairs.
~ ASGARD ~ In Norse mythology, it is the world of gods and goddesses situated above the Earth. All of the gods and heroes from legend had their separate (sky) abodes in Asgard (Olympus) and their place of assembly called Valholl or Valhalla.
~ ATHENA ~ She was known as Minerva by the Romans and Athena by the Greeks. She was the goddess of thought, wisdom, arts and sciences and also of righteous wars. She was the guardian and patron of Athens. In art, she was represented in a long robe with a helmet on her head. Romans considered Minerva the goddess of scientific warfare, as opposed to Mars who was the god of brute force in war.
~ ATLANTIS ~ Some Greek writers described a large island that once existed in the Atlantic Ocean, west of Africa. The people were rich and powerful; their kings conquered the west parts of Europe and Africa. In time, the people became very wicked and the island was swallowed up by a sudden earthquake. Sir Francis Bacon wrote an allegorical romance, before 1617, called ‘The New Atlantis,’ set on an ‘imaginary’ island.
~ ATLANTIS, THE NEW ~ Published in 1626, Lord Bacon’s book was probably inspired from Plato’s Atlantis. Bacon supposed himself wrecked on a strange and unknown island. The inhabitants had advanced sciences and arts, no philosophy or religion but had applied Bacon’s own scientific principles for the betterment of society. Their civilization was highly developed with air-ships, observatories, submarines and many other modern discoveries that Bacon was not familiar with in the 17th Century.
~ ATLAS ~ In Greek fable, he was one of the Titans, son of Iapetus and brother of Prometheus. He was the leader of the Titans in the war against Jupiter. He was condemned to carry the heavens on his head and hands.
~ BAAL ~ He was a local god among ancient Semitic peoples and Hebrews. In the Bible, worship and idols of Baal are mentioned. In Persian period, this religion ended.
~ BALDER ~ In Scandinavian fable, he was the god of light, peace and the good, beautiful and wise. He was the son of Odin and Frigga and was the most adored god.
~ BAPHOMET ~ The Knights Templar worshipped this mysterious idol or symbol in secret rites. The origin of the name is unknown.
~ BROWNIES ~ Brownies were Scottish fairies. They were obliging spirits who went into houses at night. They did a great deal of good work, only if they found that the owner was considerate enough and left cream and food for them.
~ CALIBAN ~ In Shakespeare’s comedy ‘The Tempest,’ he was the savage, deformed slave of Prospero. He is often thought to represent the brutal element in civilized man. Much has been written and said as to what Shakespeare meant Caliban to be.
~ CALLISTO ~ In Greek mythology, she was a nymph of Arcadia and companion to Diana. Zeus (Jupiter) fell in love with her. Hera, in jealousy, changed her into a bear.
~ CENTAURS ~ In Greek fables, they were a race that lived in the Thessaly Mountains and had the head, arms and torso of a man and the rest of the body like a horse. Some of the old writers believed in such creatures. Pliny said he saw an embalmed centaur brought to Rome from Egypt.
~ CHAOS ~ In Greek mythology, Chaos accounts for the origin of the world and of the gods, a vast abyss composed of Mass and Darkness and Nothingness or Void, before Time when all was confusion.
~ CHARON ~ In Greek fable, he was the ferryman of Hades, son of Erebus and Night. He ferried souls of the dead across rivers of the underworld. His fee was a small copper coin called an obolus. If Charon’s fee was not paid, the soul had to wander for 100 years before it could cross over.
~ CHIMERA ~ In Greek mythology, it was a terrible monster that was part lion, part goat and part dragon. The creature breathed fire and caused great havoc in the realm of Lycia. Bellerophon killed the Chimera with the help of Pegasus and Athene.
~ CHIRON ~ In Greek fable, he was the most celebrated of the centaurs. He was a great hunter and very wise. He taught Hercules astronomy, physics to Esculapius and had many other pupils that came to his cave at Mt. Pelion. Chiron told Jason who to take on his quest for the Golden Fleece. Hercules, in a fight with other centaurs, accidentally killed Chiron.
~ CRONUS or CRONOS ~ In Greek mythology, one of the Titans and son of Uranus. He attacked his father with an iron sickle. Cronus ruled the universe with his wife, Rhea. Their sons were Pluto, Neptune and Jupiter. Their daughters were Ceres, Vesta and Juno. Prophesy said Cronus would be defeated by his children, so he ate them upon birth…except Zeus; Rhea saved the sixth baby. The children were regurgitated and they were a part of a terrible war against their father. Zeus rescued Cyclops, which resulted with the Titans being cast down in Tartarus. Some of them were given special punishments by Zeus, such as Atlas was doomed to bear the weight of the heavens, forever.
~ CYCLOPS ~ In Greek fable, they were 3 sons of Uranus and Ge or Gaea, the Earth, named Steropes (lightning), Brontes (thunder) and Arges (heated bolt). They were giants with only one, round eye in the middle of their forehead. Uranus threw them into the Tartarus, but Jupiter saved them to aid him in his war against the Titans. Ulysses’ cyclops called Polyphemus was not an original cyclops or personification of thunder and lightning and not an immortal.
~ DIANA ~ She was the Roman goddess of the Moon, the hunt and animals. She was the protector of young people. Greeks called her Artemis. She was twin sister to Apollo, both children of Jupiter and Latona. She shunned all men and lived unmarried. Diana was represented as a tall huntress in a short dress with a bow, quiver and arrows.
~ DIDO ~ She was a princess of Tyre and founder of Carthage. Her brother, Pygmalion, took the throne and murdered her rich husband. Dido got possession of most of the wealth and left with many followers. She fell in love with Aneas, but he left her for the gods. Virgil told her story in the ‘Aeneid.’
~ DWARFS ~ They were unusually small people who, in olden times, were privileged members of royal courts. Formerly used as servants, pets of the king or jesters, many dwarfs became famous for their keen wit.
~ ECHO ~ In Greek fable, she was a wood nymph, daughter of Earth and Air. Jupiter sent her to detain Juno with her chatter while he amused himself with other nymphs. But Juno realized the deception and caused her to melt away into nothing but a voice.
~ ELDORADO ~ In poetry and romance, Eldorado was a golden city or area of exhaustless wealth and power.
~ ELYSIUM ~ Among Greeks and Romans, Elysium was the ‘abode of heroes’ who passed into a happy afterlife. It was a bright home of peace and joy and gardens with a sun that never set. Homer described Elysium as a place without snow, storms or rain.
~ EROS ~ In Greek mythology, he was the god of love that was called Cupid by the Romans. He was the son of Aphrodite and was her constant companion. He was portrayed as a beautiful winged boy, armed with a bow and arrows.
~ EUROPA ~ In classic mythology, she was the daughter of Agenor, King of Phoenicia and sister of Cadmus. Zeus (Jupiter) fell in love with her.
~ FAIRIES ~ In folklore from many different countries, they were a class of imaginary beings, usually in small and graceful human forms. They assumed any shape, even animals and also became invisible at will. They were similar to the nymphs of Greeks and Romans to a small degree. They were never worshipped and were mortal. They lived in communities with a government and a king. Fairies hold a place in the superstitions of nearly every culture.
~ GAEA or GAIA ~ In Greek mythology, she was the Earth personified as a goddess, first child of Chaos. She was the mother of Oceanus and the Titans.
~ GANYMEDE ~ In Shakespeare’s ‘As You Like It,’ it was the name assumed by Rosalind when she dressed as a boy.
~ GIANTS ~ In ancient literature, they were mythical men of great size and strength and enemies of the more powerful gods. Old German stories told of Giants such as Fafnir and Grendel and also good giants.
~ GOBLINS ~ They were ugly, grotesque creatures with large heads and were the same class as brownies, elves, dwarfs and gnomes in folklore. In some stories, they were wicked and in others, only mischievous.
~ GOLIATH ~ In the Old Testament, he was a giant of Gath who fought as champion of the Philistines. He challenged any warrior of the Israelites to single combat. None of the Israelites accepted. But young David defeated Goliath with a sling and a rock that struck the giant’s forehead and killed him.
~ GORGONS ~ In Greek fable, they were three ugly sisters named Stheno, Euryale and Medusa. They were frightful to behold with snakes for hair and turned observers into stone. Medusa was the one sister who was not immortal. Perseus cut off her head while she slept and gave it to Minerva.
~ GRACES ~ In ancient fables, they were named Joy, Brilliance and Bloom. They were three extremely beautiful women who were intimate with the Muses. They were often portrayed with their arms entwined and dancing.
~ HARPIES ~ In Greek mythology, they were winged monsters who were sent by the gods and punished men for their crimes. They snatched from them anything they had to eat. Harpies had bodies of birds of prey, sharp claws and the faces of women. They were vile creatures that defiled everything, made to torment men.
~ HEL ~ In old Norse mythology, it was the region of the dead, ruled over by Hela, the goddess of death.
~ HELIOS ~ He was the son of the Titan Hyperion. Helios was worshipped in very early times as charioteer of the Sun, before Apollo took his place. Selene, ancient Moon-goddess, was his sister. He was represented as a beautiful youth with curly hair and wore a crown of sun rays.
~ HERA ~ In Greek mythology, she (Juno) was the wife of Zeus, King of the Gods and therefore Hera was the Queen of Olympus. She was the patron of women and married women. Homer called her the ‘most majestic of goddesses.’ Later legends had her very vain, proud, jealous, obstinate and often quarreled with Zeus. She pursued and tortured mortal children of Zeus, such as Hercules. There are various stories of Hera’s cruelty to goddesses and mortals that Zeus loved. She was the mother of Ares or the Roman God Mars. Hera had other children which included Vulcan. She was worshipped everywhere among Greek islands with statues and festivals in her honor.
~ HERCULES or HERACLES ~ In Greek and Roman myths, he was a famous son of Zeus and Alcmedia, granddaughter of Perseus. Zeus wanted Hercules to have Perseus’ throne, but Hera wanted the throne for Eurystheus, Perseus’ granddaughter. Zeus made it so Hercules could become immortal after he completed 12 great Labors. The exploits of Hercules were told many times and the subject of much art and literature. Romans worshipped him as a god of physical strength and courage.
~ HORUS ~ He was a very important Egyptian god, Son of Isis and Osiris. He presided over the Sun in the daytime. He is often represented with a hawk’s head, like the god Ra. The two can barely be separated and could be the same god. Horus is symbolized in Egyptian art by a sun disk with wings or the ‘Eye of Horus.’
~ HYDRA ~ In Greek mythology, it was a great water-serpent, a monster that ravaged the country of Argos. If the Hydra’s head was cut off, two more heads grew in its place and each could be replaced by two more. Hercules was sent and killed a 9-headed Hydra as second of his 12 Labors.
~ HYPNOS ~ Hypnos was the Greek name for Sleep, one of the Sons of Night, called ‘Somnus’ by the Romans.
~ IAPETUS ~ In Greek and Roman mythologies, he was one of the Titans thrown down into the Tartarus by Uranus. Iapetus was the father of Prometheus and the giant Atlas.
~ IO ~ In Greek fable, she was the beautiful daughter of Inachus, King of Argos. She was loved by Zeus (Jupiter). Hera, in a fit of jealousy, turned her into a white heifer.
~ ISIS ~ She was the chief goddess of the Egyptians, the wife of Osiris and mother of Horus. She was the mother of all things. She first taught the people how to grow wheat and corn. The cow was sacred to her. Isis was worshipped in Greece and Italy.
~ JANUS ~ He was a Roman god who presided over the beginning of everything. He was the keeper of the Gates of Heaven and all gates and doors on Earth. The first day and first month of the year was sacred to his worship. ‘January’ was named after Janus. He went to aid the Romans in time of war, therefore doors of his temple were kept open in war and closed in times of peace. He was represented with two faces and sometimes four faces.
~ JASON ~ In Greek mythology, he was the son of Aeson, King of Iolcos, who was driven out of his kingdom by his brother Pelias. The centaur Chiron, wisest of all creatures in the world, protected and educated Jason as a boy. Pelias tried to get rid of him and sent him on a perilous quest for the Golden Fleece in Colchis. The expedition of Argonauts is one of the most splendid tales of mythology.
~ JUGGERNAUT ~ In Hindu religion, another name for the god Krishna, It means ‘Lord of the World.’
~ JUNO ~ She was the wife of Jupiter and the chief Roman goddess, known by the Greeks as Hera. She was the special protector of marriage and presided over important events in women’s lives. She was portrayed as a beautiful and stately figure, sometimes with armor, shield and spear.
~ JUPITER ~ He was the chief god in Roman mythology, similar to the Greek Zeus. Jupiter was god of light and the heavens who controlled rain and lightning. Throughout the span of the Roman Empire, Jupiter overshadowed all other gods and his influence spread into many lands.
~ LOKI ~ In Norse myth, he was a being of a demon race. He did the gods all kinds of mischief and harm. He had 3 terrible children: the wolf Fenris, Midgard Serpent and Hela or Death. Loki caused the death of Balder, the most beloved of all the gods. He also brought about the downfall of the gods or their last day called ‘Ragnarok.’
~ LUCIFER ~ The name originated from the planet Venus as the morning star and means ‘bringer of light.’ By mistake, Church fathers gave this name to Satan, the Devil. In ‘Paradise Lost,’ Milton made Lucifer the angel who fell from heaven. Same can be said for Dante’s ‘Inferno’ and other poems.
~ LUNA ~ In Roman mythology, she was the goddess of the Moon. Romans later merged Luna with the Goddess Diana.
~ MARS ~ In Roman mythology, he was the God of War, next to Jupiter, the most important deity of Rome. He (Ares) was represented as a warrior in full armor with shield and spear. Mars was often depicted with Venus, whom he was supposed to love.
~ MERCURY ~ In Roman mythology, he was an early god of merchants and trade, later identified with the Greek Hermes, messenger of the gods. Roman statues show Mercury holding a caduceus, which is a staff or wand with wings on one end and two snakes twisted around the shaft.
~ MINOTAUR ~ In Greek mythology, he was the son of the wife of King Minos and of a bull sent by Poseidon to Crete. He was confined in the Labyrinth built by Daedalus and fed with human beings.
~ NEMESIS ~ In Greek fable, she was the goddess of punishment and daughter of Night. She represented the righteous wrath of the gods and vengeance on proud mortals who were insolent and broke the laws. She punished crime, took away luck from the unworthy and tracked every wrong to the one who did it. No one escaped her. She was represented as a thoughtful and beautiful woman with a crown. In one hand was a bridle or branch and in the other, a whip.
~ NEPTUNE or POSEIDON ~ In Roman and Greek mythology, he was the God of the Sea, son of Cronus and Rhea and brother of Zeus. At the division of the world in the beginning, the rule over the sea and all its creatures fell to him, as the rule over the sky fell to Zeus and rule of the underworld to Pluto. He watched over ships and sailors and governed all other gods and goddesses of the sea. Neptune made the horse for the use of men. His wife was Amphitrite, one of the Nereids. He was portrayed as a powerful figure with beard and a trident in his hand. Often he rode in a chariot drawn by sea monsters or horses.
~ NIRVANA ~ Nirvana is the blessed state or condition to which Buddhists aspire, an existence without will, pleasure and pain. It is the final freedom of the soul from all worldly evils, achieved by absorption into the Infinite, after the soul has passed through many different existences and learned virtue. Buddha taught that life is not Nirvana and neither is death, which is only a gateway to more lives.
~ OLYMPUS ~ Ancient Greeks and Romans believed the home of the gods was upon the summit of a Greek mountain called Olympus. It was also considered Heaven, with a gate of clouds kept by the Hours or the Seasons. The gate opened when gods left Olympus and closed after them. Every day in the great Hall of Zeus, gods feasted on ambrosia and drank nectar, which no one but gods tasted and made them immortal. Each high god had their own individual dwelling in Heaven or Olympus.
~ OSIRIS ~ Chief god of ancient Egyptians, husband of Isis and father of Horus. Civilization began with him and all that was good and moral came from him. He was killed in a fight with his brother Set or Seth or Seti, the personification of Evil. Osiris’ body was thrown into the Nile (or dismembered to all parts of the world). But Isis found his body parts and his soul returned to the world and entered the body of the bull Apis. Osiris was the protector of departed underworld souls. He typified the struggle between good and evil in life. In art, he was crowned with an Egyptian miter, a long cap-shaped crown (halo).
~ PANDORA ~ In Greek fable, she was the first woman, made by Vulcan at Jupiter’s command. She was endowed with gifts from all gods and goddesses, hence her name which means ‘every gift.’
~ PEGASUS ~ In Greek fables, the winged horse was a beautiful and magical creature that sprang from the blood of the Gorgon Medusa, after Perseus cut her head off. Bellerophon tamed Pegasus with Athena’s or Athene’s enchanted bridle.
~ PERSEUS ~ He was one of the most important figures in Greek fable. Athene aided him in his battle against the dreaded Gorgon Medusa. Perseus was given the winged sandals of Mercury for quick flight. He was also given Mercury’s powerful sword, helmet of invisibility and Athene’s own reflective shield.
~ PHOENIX ~ In Greek fable, he was the ancestor of the Phoenicians, from whom they derived their name. He was the father of Europa. In Egyptian religion, the Phoenix was a ‘firebird’ and the embodiment of Sun-God, Ra. The Phoenix returned to the fires of Ra’s altar at Heliopolis, which accounts for the firebird as a symbol of immortality.
~ PLUTO ~ In ancient Greek fable, he was the god of the lower world. He was the brother of Jupiter and Neptune. Early Greek writers called Pluto ‘Hades,’ but later the name was only used for his kingdom. Pluto was represented with Cerberus, the 3-headed dog who guarded the entrance to Hades.
~ POMONA ~ In Roman fable, she is the goddess of gardens and fruit trees. She was the wife of Vertumnus and often portrayed with a cornucopia of flowers and fruit.
~ PROMETHEUS ~ He was a son of Iapetus and brother of Atlas and Epimetheus. He made a ‘man of clay’ and wanted ‘fire’ from heaven to warm it and give it life, but Jupiter refused. Prometheus then stole a little, which angered Jupiter very much. In revenge, he sent Pandora with a beautiful box of evil to Prometheus. Jupiter hoped he would fall in love with Pandora and bring all the evils upon himself. But Prometheus had nothing to do with her. Jupiter bound him to eternal torture and later he was saved by Hercules.
~ PROTEUS ~ In Greek legend and poetry, he was an old man of the sea who knew the future. Legends said if one could hold onto Proteus, he revealed the future. Such was a difficult task since he changed shape and terrified those who sought the future.
~ PSYCHE ~ In Greek fable, it is the personification of the human soul, represented in art as a beautiful young girl, often with wings of a butterfly.
~ RA ~ In Egyptian mythology, he was the chief god from whom all other gods derived their power. He was god of light and of the Sun and ‘child of the sky.’ Each night, Ra fought with the Serpent of Darkness and came forth victorious in the morning. He was represented as a lion, a cat or a hawk (Horus) that always wore the solar disk: a perfect circle with a serpent coiled over it. Kings of Egypt claimed to be descendants of Ra.
~ ROC ~ In the ‘Arabian Nights,’ it was a gigantic bird mentioned in ‘Sindbad the Sailor.’ One claw was as large as a tree trunk. It could carry an elephant to its nest in the mountains. Sindbad said the Roc’s egg was 50 paces in circumference.
~ SATAN ~ The Hebrew word means ‘enemy’ in the Bible, the chief evil spirit and enemy of man. He was once an archangel, according to the Talmud, but was cast out of heaven with a number of angels for being proud and rebellious. In ‘Paradise Lost,’ the dark angels landed in Hell, which was given to Satan for his domain. “Better to reign in hell than serve in heaven,” was Milton’s quote at the end. Satan’s standard-bearer was Azazel and his chief lords were Beelzebub, Moloch, Dagon, Rimmon and Belial.
~ SATURN ~ In ancient Roman religion, he was a god who brought agriculture and civilization into Italy. Jupiter dethroned him and ruled during the ‘Golden Age.’ Saturn was a native Roman god, unconnected to any Greek god. But when the Romans were influenced by Greeks, they claimed that Saturn was the same as Cronos in Greek fable, the son of Heaven and Earth and father of Jupiter, Juno, Neptune and Pluto. He is often represented as TIME with a scythe in his hand and devouring his own children.
~ THOR ~ In Norse myths, he was the god of Thunder and was called Donar in German legend. He was the son of Odin and Frigga and was the most widely worshipped of all the gods. Thor was the defender of gods and men. Thunder was thought to be the sound of his chariot wheels. He was armed with a mighty hammer like a thunderbolt that he hurled at victims and it always returned to his hand. Many Norse tales dealt with battles with brother Loki and the Frost Giants.
~ THOTH ~ In Egyptian mythology, he was the god of wisdom and magic. He was the scribe of the gods. He invented numbers and first measured Time. He was the chief Moon-god. When dead souls were weighed before Osiris, god of judgement, Thoth recorded the results.
~ TITANS ~ In Greek fable and literature, children of Uranus or Heaven and Earth. According to Hesiod, there were 6 sons: Oceanus, Coeus, Creus, Hyperion, Iapetus and Cronus or Saturn…and 6 daughters: Theia, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe and Tethys. The sons rebelled against Uranus and he shut them up in Tartarus. Cronus finally overpowered his father and set his brothers free. Later, the Titans joined Cronus in an even more horrible struggle against the son Zeus (Jupiter) and other Olympian gods. They were said to pile mountain after mountain in attempts to scale Heaven. The great battle between the gods and the Titans has been represented many times in Greek art.
~ URANUS ~ He was the ancient Greek God of Heaven, before Zeus or Jupiter. He was the husband of Gaea or the Earth and the father of the Titans. He hated his children and were afraid of them. Gaea instigated the youngest of the Titans, Cronus, to revolt. He wounded his father and ruled in his place. From the blood of Uranus sprang the Furies and the Giants. Later Zeus dethroned Cronus.
~ VENUS ~ She was the Roman goddess of love and beauty, called Aphrodite by the Greeks. She originated from the ‘foam of the sea,’ The Hours and the Graces attended her. Venus was the goddess of gardens, particularly the rose. She was the most beautiful of all goddesses. No other goddess has been more represented and celebrated in art and literature than Venus. She often brought unhappiness and loss of peace when she favored mortals or interfered with them. Vulcan was her husband and Cupid her son, yet she was in love with Apollo (Psyche was jealous). Venus also loved Anchises of Troy and their son was Aeneas. Venus was the subject of many statues, paintings and poems in ancient times and have always fascinated men.
~ VULCAN ~ In Roman mythology, he was the God of Fire and Metals, a son of Jupiter and Juno. The Greeks called him Hephaestus. Aided by the Cyclops, he made Jupiter’s thunderbolts, armor for the gods and many wonderful objects in different metals. He tried to win Minerva for his wife; but unsuccessful, he married Venus. Vulcan was not as popular as other gods. He was often shown at his forge.
~ ZEUS ~ In Greek mythology, he was the chief of the Olympian gods. The Romans identified him with Jupiter or Jove. His special emblem was the thunderbolt. He became King of the Gods by overthrowing Cronus and later defeated rebellions of the Titans and the Giants.
Copyright 2015 by T. C. Caladan
PS Subject Related Interviews with the Author