Gobekli Tepe – 6000 years older than Stonehenge

April 2, 2012

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Gobekli Tepe: Oldest Monumental Architecture of Planet

Predating Stonehenge by 6,000 years, Turkey’s stunning Gobekli Tepe upends the conventional view of the rise of civilization

Located 35 miles north of Turkey’s border with Syria, Gobekli Tepe consists of 20 T-shaped stone towers, carved with drawings of snakes, scorpions, lions, boars, foxes and other animals.

The amazing thing about them is they date back to 9,500 BC, 5,500 years before the first cities of Mesopotamia and 7,000 years before the circle of Stonehenge.

Scientists say that back then humans hadn’t even discovered pottery or domesticated wheat. They lived in villages, had no agriculture and only relied on hunting to survive.

Göbekli Tepe had already been located in a survey in 1964, when the American archaeologist Peter Benedict mentioned the site as a possible location of stone age activity, but its importance was not recognised at that time. Excavations have been conducted since 1994 by the German Archaeological Institute (Istanbul branch) and  Sanliurfa Museum, under the direction of the German archaeologist Klaus Schmidt (University of Heidelberg). The title isn’t actually doing Gobekli Tepe justice since the Turkish archaeological site is 7,000 years older than Stonehenge.

Gobekli Tepe changes everything archaeologists discovered so far and it is considered the most important archaeological find in recent history. Klaus Schmidt, the man who first discovered Gobekli Tepe says the carvings might be the first human representation of gods.

Source:  http://forum.xcitefun.net

Göbekli Tepe

Evidence for the existence of extra-terrestrial life?

Unexplained 12,000 year old underground city, in southeastern Turkey, is made of massive carved stones, crafted and arranged by prehistoric people who apparently had not yet developed metal tools or even pottery.

Göbekli Tepe (Turkish for “Potbelly hill”) is a hilltop sanctuary erected on the highest point of an elongated mountain ridge some 15 km northeast of the town of Sanliurfa (formerly Urfa / Edessa) in southeastern Turkey.
The site is currently undergoing excavation by German and Turkish archaeologists.

Until excavations began, a complex on this scale was not thought possible for a community so ancient. The massive sequence of stratification layers suggests several millennia of activity, perhaps reaching back to the Mesolithic. The oldest occupation layer (stratum III) contains monolithic pillars linked by coarsely built walls to form circular or oval structures. Göbekli Tepe has revealed several adjacent rectangular rooms with floors of polished lime, reminiscent of Roman terrazzo floors.

Thus, the structures not only predate pottery, metallurgy, and the invention of writing or the wheel; they were built before the so-called Neolithic Revolution, i.e., the beginning of agriculture and animal husbandry around 9000 BC. But the construction of Göbekli Tepe implies organisation of an order of complexity not hitherto associated with Paleolithic, PPNA, or PPNB societies.

At present, Göbekli Tepe raises more questions for archaeology and prehistory than it answers. We do not know how a force large enough to construct, augment, and maintain such a substantial complex was mobilized and paid or fed in the conditions of pre-Neolithic society. We cannot “read” the pictograms, and do not know for certain what meaning the animal reliefs had for visitors to the site; the variety of fauna depicted, from lions and boars to birds and insects, makes any single explanation problematic.

The reason the complex was eventually buried remains unexplained. Until more evidence is gathered, it is difficult to deduce anything certain about the originating culture.

Source: http://grasptheuniverse.com/ancient-artifacts/gobekli-tepe/

Andrew Collins – Finding Eden: Mystery of Gobekli Tepe & Giza’s Cave Underworld

Description: In southeast Turkey stands the oldest temple in the world. At nearly 12,000 years old, Gobekli Tepe is an enigma to archaeology. Consisting of a series of stone circles, made up of T-shaped pillars bearing exquisite carvings of animals, birds, insects and abstract human figures, this ritual complex was constructed at the end of the last Ice Age by faceless individuals, who rose far beyond the conventional understanding of the hunter-gatherers who occupied the Eurasian continent at this time. Why were these amazing stone circles buried overnight, sometime around 10,000 year ago? It is an enigma that seems to start in Africa some 17,000 years ago, and ends with not only the creation of civilization down in the fertile crescent of Mesopotamia, but also in the sudden emergence of the ancient Egyptian civilization, where the story continues with the discovery in 2008 of a cave underworld beneath the plateau at Giza. Powerful evidence suggests that this underground complex existed ever before even the Pyramid Age, and might well reflect an African origin to the roots of ancient Egyptian religion. It might also hold the key to answering claims that in the vicinity of the Sphinx is a lost Hall of Records.

Biog: History and science writer Andrew Collins is a leading expert on Gobekli Tepe, and provides a powerful insight into the strange worlds both at Gobekli Tepe in Turkey and beneath the Pyramids at Giza. His books include From the Ashes of Angels (1996), Gods of Eden (1998), The Cygnus Mystery (2006), and Beneath the Pyramids (2009), in which he discovers and explores the lost underworld that exists beneath the Pyramids of Giza. Andrew, born in 1957, lives with his wife Sue in Marlborough, UK.

Filmed at the Megalithomania Conference in Glastonbury on 9th May 2010 by Nautilus AV Productions.
http://www.megalithomania.co.uk/dvd.html

Websites:
http://www.andrewcollins.com
http://www.megalithomania.co.uk

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PS1 Gobekli Tepe: The World’s First Temple?

Predating Stonehenge by 6,000 years, Turkey’s stunning Gobekli Tepe upends the conventional view of the rise of civilization

Now seen as early evidence of prehistoric worship, the hilltop site was previously shunned by researchers as nothing more than a medieval cemetery.

Six miles from Urfa, an ancient city in southeastern Turkey, Klaus Schmidt has made one of the most startling archaeological discoveries of our time: massive carved stones about 11,000 years old, crafted and arranged by prehistoric people who had not yet developed metal tools or even pottery. The megaliths predate Stonehenge by some 6,000 years. The place is called Gobekli Tepe, and Schmidt, a German archaeologist who has been working here more than a decade, is convinced it’s the site of the world’s oldest temple.

“Guten Morgen,” he says at 5:20 a.m. when his van picks me up at my hotel in Urfa. Thirty minutes later, the van reaches the foot of a grassy hill and parks next to strands of barbed wire. We follow a knot of workmen up the hill to rectangular pits shaded by a corrugated steel roof—the main excavation site. In the pits, standing stones, or pillars, are arranged in circles. Beyond, on the hillside, are four other rings of partially excavated pillars. Each ring has a roughly similar layout: in the center are two large stone T-shaped pillars encircled by slightly smaller stones facing inward. The tallest pillars tower 16 feet and, Schmidt says, weigh between seven and ten tons. As we walk among them, I see that some are blank, while others are elaborately carved: foxes, lions, scorpions and vultures abound, twisting and crawling on the pillars’ broad sides.

Schmidt points to the great stone rings, one of them 65 feet across. “This is the first human-built holy place,” he says.

From this perch 1,000 feet above the valley, we can see to the horizon in nearly every direction. Schmidt, 53, asks me to imagine what the landscape would have looked like 11,000 years ago, before centuries of intensive farming and settlement turned it into the nearly featureless brown expanse it is today.

Prehistoric people would have gazed upon herds of gazelle and other wild animals; gently flowing rivers, which attracted migrating geese and ducks; fruit and nut trees; and rippling fields of wild barley and wild wheat varieties such as emmer and einkorn. “This area was like a paradise,” says Schmidt, a member of the German Archaeological Institute. Indeed, Gobekli Tepe sits at the northern edge of the Fertile Crescent—an arc of mild climate and arable land from the Persian Gulf to present-day Lebanon, Israel, Jordan and Egypt—and would have attracted hunter-gatherers from Africa and the Levant. And partly because Schmidt has found no evidence that people permanently resided on the summit of Gobekli Tepe itself, he believes this was a place of worship on an unprecedented scale—humanity’s first “cathedral on a hill.”

With the sun higher in the sky, Schmidt ties a white scarf around his balding head, turban-style, and deftly picks his way down the hill among the relics. In rapid-fire German he explains that he has mapped the entire summit using ground-penetrating radar and geomagnetic surveys, charting where at least 16 other megalith rings remain buried across 22 acres. The one-acre excavation covers less than 5 percent of the site. He says archaeologists could dig here for another 50 years and barely scratch the surface.

Gobekli Tepe was first examined—and dismissed—by University of Chicago and Istanbul University anthropologists in the 1960s. As part of a sweeping survey of the region, they visited the hill, saw some broken slabs of limestone and assumed the mound was nothing more than an abandoned medieval cemetery. In 1994, Schmidt was working on his own survey of prehistoric sites in the region. After reading a brief mention of the stone-littered hilltop in the University of Chicago researchers’ report, he decided to go there himself. From the moment he first saw it, he knew the place was extraordinary.

Unlike the stark plateaus nearby, Gobekli Tepe (the name means “belly hill” in Turkish) has a gently rounded top that rises 50 feet above the surrounding landscape. To Schmidt’s eye, the shape stood out. “Only man could have created something like this,” he says. “It was clear right away this was a gigantic Stone Age site.” The broken pieces of limestone that earlier surveyors had mistaken for gravestones suddenly took on a different meaning.

Schmidt returned a year later with five colleagues and they uncovered the first megaliths, a few buried so close to the surface they were scarred by plows. As the archaeologists dug deeper, they unearthed pillars arranged in circles. Schmidt’s team, however, found none of the telltale signs of a settlement: no cooking hearths, houses or trash pits, and none of the clay fertility figurines that litter nearby sites of about the same age. The archaeologists did find evidence of tool use, including stone hammers and blades. And because those artifacts closely resemble others from nearby sites previously carbon-dated to about 9000 B.C., Schmidt and co-workers estimate that Gobekli Tepe’s stone structures are the same age. Limited carbon dating undertaken by Schmidt at the site confirms this assessment.

The way Schmidt sees it, Gobekli Tepe’s sloping, rocky ground is a stonecutter’s dream. Even without metal chisels or hammers, prehistoric masons wielding flint tools could have chipped away at softer limestone outcrops, shaping them into pillars on the spot before carrying them a few hundred yards to the summit and lifting them upright. Then, Schmidt says, once the stone rings were finished, the ancient builders covered them over with dirt. Eventually, they placed another ring nearby or on top of the old one. Over centuries, these layers created the hilltop.

Today, Schmidt oversees a team of more than a dozen German archaeologists, 50 local laborers and a steady stream of enthusiastic students. He typically excavates at the site for two months in the spring and two in the fall. (Summer temperatures reach 115 degrees, too hot to dig; in the winter the area is deluged by rain.) In 1995, he bought a traditional Ottoman house with a courtyard in Urfa, a city of nearly a half-million people, to use as a base of operations.

On the day I visit, a bespectacled Belgian man sits at one end of a long table in front of a pile of bones. Joris Peters, an archaeozoologist from the Ludwig Maximilian University in Munich, specializes in the analysis of animal remains. Since 1998, he has examined more than 100,000 bone fragments from Gobekli Tepe. Peters has often found cut marks and splintered edges on them—signs that the animals from which they came were butchered and cooked. The bones, stored in dozens of plastic crates stacked in a storeroom at the house, are the best clue to how people who created Gobekli Tepe lived. Peters has identified tens of thousands of gazelle bones, which make up more than 60 percent of the total, plus those of other wild game such as boar, sheep and red deer. He’s also found bones of a dozen different bird species, including vultures, cranes, ducks and geese. “The first year, we went through 15,000 pieces of animal bone, all of them wild. It was pretty clear we were dealing with a hunter-gatherer site,” Peters says. “It’s been the same every year since.” The abundant remnants of wild game indicate that the people who lived here had not yet domesticated animals or farmed.

But, Peters and Schmidt say, Gobekli Tepe’s builders were on the verge of a major change in how they lived, thanks to an environment that held the raw materials for farming. “They had wild sheep, wild grains that could be domesticated—and the people with the potential to do it,” Schmidt says. In fact, research at other sites in the region has shown that within 1,000 years of Gobekli Tepe’s construction, settlers had corralled sheep, cattle and pigs. And, at a prehistoric village just 20 miles away, geneticists found evidence of the world’s oldest domesticated strains of wheat; radiocarbon dating indicates agriculture developed there around 10,500 years ago, or just five centuries after Gobekli Tepe’s construction.

To Schmidt and others, these new findings suggest a novel theory of civilization. Scholars have long believed that only after people learned to farm and live in settled communities did they have the time, organization and resources to construct temples and support complicated social structures. But Schmidt argues it was the other way around: the extensive, coordinated effort to build the monoliths literally laid the groundwork for the development of complex societies.

The immensity of the undertaking at Gobekli Tepe reinforces that view. Schmidt says the monuments could not have been built by ragged bands of hunter-gatherers. To carve, erect and bury rings of seven-ton stone pillars would have required hundreds of workers, all needing to be fed and housed. Hence the eventual emergence of settled communities in the area around 10,000 years ago. “This shows sociocultural changes come first, agriculture comes later,” says Stanford University archaeologist Ian Hodder, who excavated Catalhoyuk, a prehistoric settlement 300 miles from Gobekli Tepe. “You can make a good case this area is the real origin of complex Neolithic societies.”

What was so important to these early people that they gathered to build (and bury) the stone rings? The gulf that separates us from Gobekli Tepe’s builders is almost unimaginable. Indeed, though I stood among the looming megaliths eager to take in their meaning, they didn’t speak to me. They were utterly foreign, placed there by people who saw the world in a way I will never comprehend. There are no sources to explain what the symbols might mean. Schmidt agrees. “We’re 6,000 years before the invention of writing here,” he says.

“There’s more time between Gobekli Tepe and the Sumerian clay tablets [etched in 3300 B.C.] than from Sumer to today,” says Gary Rollefson, an archaeologist at Whitman College in Walla Walla, Washington, who is familiar with Schmidt’s work. “Trying to pick out symbolism from prehistoric context is an exercise in futility.”

Still, archaeologists have their theories—evidence, perhaps, of the irresistible human urge to explain the unexplainable. The surprising lack of evidence that people lived right there, researchers say, argues against its use as a settlement or even a place where, for instance, clan leaders gathered. Hodder is fascinated that Gobekli Tepe’s pillar carvings are dominated not by edible prey like deer and cattle but by menacing creatures such as lions, spiders, snakes and scorpions. “It’s a scary, fantastic world of nasty-looking beasts,” he muses. While later cultures were more concerned with farming and fertility, he suggests, perhaps these hunters were trying to master their fears by building this complex, which is a good distance from where they lived.

Danielle Stordeur, an archaeologist at the National Center for Scientific Research in France, emphasizes the significance of the vulture carvings. Some cultures have long believed the high-flying carrion birds transported the flesh of the dead up to the heavens. Stordeur has found similar symbols at sites from the same era as Gobekli Tepe just 50 miles away in Syria. “You can really see it’s the same culture,” she says. “All the most important symbols are the same.”

For his part, Schmidt is certain the secret is right beneath his feet. Over the years, his team has found fragments of human bone in the layers of dirt that filled the complex. Deep test pits have shown that the floors of the rings are made of hardened limestone. Schmidt is betting that beneath the floors he’ll find the structures’ true purpose: a final resting place for a society of hunters.

Perhaps, Schmidt says, the site was a burial ground or the center of a death cult, the dead laid out on the hillside among the stylized gods and spirits of the afterlife. If so, Gobekli Tepe’s location was no accident. “From here the dead are looking out at the ideal view,” Schmidt says as the sun casts long shadows over the half-buried pillars. “They’re looking out over a hunter’s dream.”

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By Andrew Curry
Photographs by Berthold Steinhilber

Article Source: Smithsonian magazine,  Gobekli Tepe: The World’s First Temple?

 

PS2 The lunisolar calendar of Göbekli Tepe

The lunisolar calendar of Göbekli Tepe, versions from Nevali Cori, Halaf, Safadi, Ghassoul, Egypt, Knossos, Tiryns, and China

Lunisolar calendar of Göbekli Tepe: a year has 12 months of 30 days, plus 5 and occasionally 6 days, while 63 continuous periods of 30 days yield 1,890 days and correspond to 64 lunations

The begin of the calendar walk was marked by a stone phallus. The calendar walk forms two loops, while the additional days at the end of the year are represented as space between the pair of central pillars. The calendar walk is at the same time a representation of the life of a supreme leader: the first pillars mark youth, the central pillars his apointment as ruler and supreme ruler, the following pillars his adult life, the final space between the pillars his death, the leaping foxes on the central pillars the guides of his soul through the Underworld back to daylight … A charming Celtic coin shows the sun horse on the early morning of the summer solstice, under it the snout of a fox peeping out of a hole in the ground – the fox that guided the sun horse through the Underworld and back to daylight

Cult building II of Nevali Cori shows 12 pillars along the walls, each representing 30 days, plus a pair of central pillars for the 5 and occasionally 6 additional days. Cult building III shows thirteen pillars along the wall, each representing 28 days, while the space between the central pillars represents one and occasionally two additional days, and this time 135 continuous periods of 28 days yielding 3’780 days corresponding to 128 lunations …

The lunisolar calendar in the version of Halaf required 6 leap days in 25 years.

Sooner or later the calendar of Göbekli Tepe was combined with an astronomical observatory in a river plain with a flat horizon, somewhere in Upper Mesopotamia. Imagine a pole or a tree of life in the center of a circle, on the circumference a dozen poles in the positions of 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 o’clock, the poles of 3 6 9 12 o’clock marking the cardinal directions east south west north. Sighting lines provided by the poles allow indicate where the sun will raise and set on the mornings and evenings of the equinoxes and solstices

Click to Enlarge

 This calendar observatory became the Asherah sanctuary, from AS AAR RAA meaning upward (as) toward the one composed of air (aar) and light (raa).

On the lid of a curved ivory box from Beersheba I recognize a schematic representation of the Asherah sanctuary, twelve poles around a tree of life in the center, flanked by two geometric representations of AC CA, while a pendant from Ghassoul, left upper part chipped off, shows a more realistic Asherah sanctuary, with a schematic tree, branches pointing upward, and an altar in the form of a cross. A small ivory disk from Safadi shows a variant of the lunisolar calendar from Göbekli Tepe: nine perforations around a pair of central ones, each of the nine perforations representing a period of fourty days. Nine periods are 360 days, add 5 and occasionally 6 days for a year. The ratios of lunations (l) to periods of fourty days (p) yield very good additive values l/p: 4/3, 19/14, 23/17, 42/31, 65/48, 107/79  *  65/48, 42/31, 107/79, 149/110, 256/189. (All three objects mentioned in this paragraph are from the fourth millennium BC 

An Egyptian month counted 30 days, a year 12 months plus 5 days. Horus was the Celestial Falcon. His right eye was the sun, his left eye was the moon. Seth destroyed the moon eye, whereupon wise Thoth healed it. The healed eye, the famous Horus Eye or wedjat (referring to the color green, the color of new life) was called The Whole One. The six elements of the Horus Eye were associated with numbers, namely the fractions 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/16, 1/32, 1/64, or, in my simple notation, ‘2 ‘4 ‘8 ’16 ’32 ’64. These numbers add up to 63/64, not really to 1. Why then, The Whole One? The Horus Eye or wedjat, I believe, represented a lunation, from one to the next new moon, or from one to the next full moon. Multiply a month of 30 days by the Horus Eye series ‘2 ‘4 ‘8 ’16 ’32 ’64 and you obtain 29 ‘2 ’32 days, or 29 days 12 hours 45 minutes – not even a minute longer than the actual value from 1989 AD, namely 29 days 12 hours 44 minutes 2.9 seconds. With a little fantasy you can even see the wedjat eye in the moon:

The Minoan double axe may be a graphic rendering of the solstices derived from the Asherah sanctuary, as shown in this drawing, inspired by the carvings on a block at Knossos (see also the chapters on Mallia and Knossos below)

The rosette in the center of the Tiryns disk, Middle Helladic, around 1650 BC, represents another variation of the Göbekli Tepe lunisolar calendar: each petal stays for 45 days, and the small circle in the center for 5 and occasionally 6 days, while 21 continuous periods of 45 days yield 945 days and correspond to 32 lunations  disc.htm

The Azilian calendar may also have been used in the Neolithic Yangshao culture, and in Banshan. Later on, the legendary first Chinese emperor Fu-hi divided the zodiac into 28 animals and mansions. This suggests a modification of the Azilian calendar: a profane week of 7 days, a profane month of 28 days, a profane year of 12 months plus 1 and occasionally 2 leap days, while 135 continual weeks of 7 days, yielding 945 days, equal 32 lunations; a sacred week of 13 days, perhaps 1-5-1-5-1 days, a sacred year of 28 weeks plus 1 and occasionally 2 leap days, while 184 continual weeks, yielding 2392 days, equal 81 lunations.

Copyright: SYMBOL, FORM AND NUMBER IN ANCIENT EGYPT

Source of this section: http://www.seshat.ch/home/calendar.htm

{ 21 comments… read them below or add one }

Harold April 8, 2014 at 7:55 am

Are there hotels and other tourist facilities close by? Is there tourist-type transportation available? Can a visitor explore the site?

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mark Graham September 26, 2013 at 11:02 am

WE CANNOT SEE INTO THEIR MINDS! WHY IS IT ALWAYS THE CASE THAT RATHER ADVANCED CULTURES HAD TO WORSHIP SO-CALLED GODS! WITH THEIR ABILITIES , DID THEY REALLY HAVE TO?

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Rock Stone May 17, 2013 at 5:08 pm

In 9500bc, “humans” were about.. The European was the only one who was a primative and a “cave-man” if he even did exist at that time yet. But at that time, the so called Black peoples was everywhere from China to South America, and all points in between in either direction, including the poles, building monuments which are still here today, using techniques they brought “here” with them. When “science” quits racism, gives credit where credit is due, and cedes to this fact, then things, like these “my-stories” will be clearer.

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Graham Burgess March 18, 2013 at 3:54 pm

A lot of sense on this site.It is a long time since I lead a team to build a full sized Stonehenge for Lord Bath in England and even then I offered my theory that all the henges were originally sites where the crop was thrashed.High due to the wind being the engine of the winnowing process. The threshold of stones around the halos or thrashing floor surrounded a flat surface which soemtimes had a drainage and aeration groove in it , a riggoll and this in the English is maze.The French call a maze le dedale after the large tree or riggpole that was put up after the thrashing when the grain had been taken away and the stooks were stacked.The riggbands that held the straw in place ran between riggbolls around the stack and the halo at the top of the rig pole.
Concnetric rings of riggbolls allowed the support to be moved in as the stack was depleted.
The Germans are more logical and call a maze a Dolhaus as this is where people returned over the winter to get their share or dole of the stooks to feed their cattle.The cattle may have been remote or gathered in a nearby field so that when they came for straw to feed them they could also get a share of the butchered beasts.
No straw at the top of the spire but sometimes a lambskin cover.

Some aspects of the layout tuned into solar and planetary movements so the apportionment of the shares, doled out in exchange for corn dollies kept in dolmens on the bank ,was done in a manner that optimised ongoing survival until the last straw and the time when new growth rendered the stook exchange of secondary importance.

No mystical or religious symbolism, no ceremonial burials simply practical survival techniques employed by experts over many thousands of years.

Graham Burgss 0125689 2837

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Chestnut January 22, 2013 at 9:46 am

These were hunter/gatherers right? There was rather large savannah like terrain surrounding right? Lots of animals in the area? Perhaps they migrated extensively such as they do in Africa with the rains and seasons? Now lets look at the Vaquero and the western Cowboy for an illustration. What better way to corral and likely butcher an animal than building an operational animal chute and circular run. The fact that there are carvings of dangerous, carnivorous animals should also be a “dead” giveaway. These likely were good omens for the superstitious and clues to what these people were doing with this contraption. They were herding, corralling and butchering these trapped animals as they ran in a circle being constrained by the walls, unable to jump out and meeting what appears to be a dead end. Many animals would be trapped together in the circular formation having run into the entrance chute likely extended by long ago destroyed wooden funneling systems extended outwards from the stone entrance. This is what science discovered in looking at the miles of stone walls in the Sinai and Egypt not too long ago. These walls were nothing more than game gathering technology of the times and it worked. The tall pillars in the center were likely platform and derrick holders to allow for men to stand above while butchering with arrows, spears or other implements then allowing for the extraction of the carcasses with leverage and help of those below. Perhaps worship was involved as we learn from the Israelites who were famous for burnt offerings in their Temples of worship. These folks likely did the same thing, offering to their God a token of gratitude for a successful hunt, now being able to provide for their families and civilization. My guess is that this system was rather successful. BTW, burying the walls simply made the edifice much stronger and hidden from the animals. Animals might have also fallen into the pit unaware that it was there from above. These primitives were rather ingenious!!!!

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Gary Schoenung January 20, 2013 at 10:41 am

Here is a link to a video called “Beyond Machu Picchu” that may provide some insight to what this place is.

https://vimeo.com/50806691

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james foote December 31, 2012 at 7:16 pm

I am trying to find and buy a dvd on Gobekli Tepe…worlds first temple…can you help me on this matter…………..james

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william December 3, 2012 at 8:38 pm

I think you’re all looking into it way too deep.

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Bazzio101 November 18, 2012 at 3:11 am

Why is it that EVERY ancient structure is presumed to be a temple? For goodness sake ~ were the human race so predisposed to build temples A) they would cover the face of the earth B) housing would probably still not exist C) knowledge of the reasons for such “temples” would never have been lost.
Thinking outside the square ~ civilisations visiting earth from elsewhere, or arriving here in desperate need like extra-terrestrial Robinson Crusoe’s, would more than likely build shelter in a style of their own kind, in a place of safety & strategically placed, using technology that precisely cuts and engraves stone, geo-positioned to act as a time-keeping and positioning device in case of long awaited rescuers.

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jason October 31, 2012 at 3:59 am

Could these ground sites actualy prove the presence of a heritage that still continues through out the land maybe there where no borders back then just walking trails.

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Gary Schoenung September 16, 2012 at 8:39 am

This site was not buried, it is from a time when the population was so dense that it was necessary combine habitation and agriculture in the same locations. One of our most common errors in evaluating very ancient sites is our tendency to think that they have been buried when they are in fact being exposed by decay, collapse, and erosion over time. The requirement for sunlight meant that the agriculture had to be supported above the habitation with large pillars or even stepped supports for multiple levels. Yes, I’m referring to pyramids and yes there is plenty of evidence of those methods being used as well as evidence of massive irrigated agriculture.

http://vimeo.com/album/2045605

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crecencia medhurst May 2, 2012 at 4:23 pm

SO… HOW FAR , DID you say this historic site was from Mount Ararat of Noah’s fame?
And, what was the floorplan of the circular buildings? Did they align themselves to ancient constellations at the calendar stonepoints? Should the circles be read from the centre (central keystone) outward to the entrance\exit? What is the depth of the foundation of the central building? Was it intended to have a low or high roof?
Finally, what is the most ancient priesthood in the culture of the region? Have you looked at their folkloric/traditional iconography?

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Wingy September 1, 2012 at 10:39 am

All extremely good questions…
Also, this is to date the most important site and should be used as the hallmark rather than grafting on all previous suppositions which were derived from erroneous or incomplete information…

Again, these were round stone constructions (do not add or impose any convenient ‘name tags’ to these constructions)..because I can posit valid names for these buildings using known data at hand: San Diego Zoo has round concrete constructions as holding places for animals, also, on banners, rather than stone pillars, there are pictures of the various animals and their locations at the building sites.

NOBODY WORSHIPS GOD(S) at the San Diego Zoo…

and my theory is as good as any one elses because they have no concrete data to disprove it…just suppositions. like me.

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Garix April 20, 2012 at 7:10 am

Our creators have been here a million years ago…and the cycle goes on. The previous race has ended, and new one comes. Then for sure after all our abuse of this earth… these we call aliens will wash this world again through an ice age or Noahs flood or any other form for the renewal of the species.

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Ron O. Cook April 9, 2012 at 12:11 pm

My friends, I dream a universe full of awe. It is totally massive in scope and potential. It is where our minds reside in constant motion and creation. One must amplify his mind to grasp what I am about to put forth. We are at the threshold of a BURGEONING. Be-man-ship can look into the mirror of existence and discern is true form. Göbekli Tepe is perhaps the silver bullet to our awakening by those of us who can perceive deeply the messages held within the stone offerings present at that ancient place. Those who built there may have been attempting to deposit some gestalt creation full of their minds and the creations that they were involved in prior to some great ordeal that had impacted their lives. They put forth whatever they could to tell us who and what they were, because they had lost their former powers to a high degree. What we see at Göbekli Tepe is their offering to us to show how they once had thought and created in a past long forgotten civilization. It looks highly genetic to me. If we read every turn and think intently on every significance, we may be able to know what they were about. I wish I were a youth, so I could see this project to fruition. But no.

I have always believed that we were much more when we came to this planet long ago. We have too much brain power to do the silly little things we do now in our selfish little states. As an educator, I know how great each and every one of us could have been had we tried harder as students and teachers. We waste our minds on “Nothingness” and expect magic. Magic must be made through suffering because each and every effort is rewarded with increasing consciousness of the potential of each picosecond that passes us by. My house is filled with many, many books that I have read countless times. Had I been educated as my aunt and uncles wished, I would have countless degrees. But, the universe does distract and much potential was taken away. Now, this trip is almost over, but for the rest of us, it remains to press down hard to extract all the knowledge and wisdom found at that ancient site. I believe there is much there to amplify our humanity way beyond its present scope. I hope they dig deeper!

Cheers, Orion

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Joe April 5, 2012 at 9:00 pm

The more we find the less we know, great article

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Jorge April 4, 2012 at 11:32 pm

A very interesting article about these archaeological findings. If we would be able to go back into memory we may see that our past life has been part of these ancient monuments where culture invented religion.
Who gave this culture knowledge of such accurate astronomy to be able to develop a calendar? It has to be someone from “out of our earth”. Such contrasts of instruments used, herding methods and utensils do not match with astronomical knowledge here. This same pattern is also found in many other monuments around the world with the exception to what has been translated from other early culture by neighboring cultures and what has been left for us to find.

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HELEN PARKS April 4, 2012 at 3:38 pm

Everything about this site is astronomical
Every single relief represents an obsolete constellation – at a very different time
when once our poles were in a very different place
The Lizard descending is Lacerta
The fox is Vulpecula – and so on

Even the Celtic coin is Sagittarius and The Field (which we now call Pegasus), in the same manner that the White Horse of Uffington is clearly Sagittarius constellation.

The Field carries other names such as The Square, Scheat the Leg (which appears in many hieroglyphics in Egypt)and is referred to by Nostradamus as the Amputee.

Once our Earth tipped, changed polar regions and/or changed her orbit
the entire henge became obsolete…the constellations that were being used at that time ceased to be where they should be. A coincidence that the date of the “filling in” of the site and the date of major climate changes is around the same time?

Maybe the charting of constellations had something to do with those that came from those places? Such as the Orions who seem to have been involved with planetary (Earthly) pyramids and those of Regulus/Denebola and the Sphinx. The sphinx which was the end of a (their) year in Leo and the beginning of the next in Virgo.

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Ab Asaff April 4, 2012 at 1:36 pm

Briefly, Gobekli has to be understood through an esoteric spiritual view. As in all the world’s ancient megalithic structures it was through a spiritual science using Sacred Geometry that they were constructed and positioned. The ancients understood the science of energy and the importance it has on human mental and physical well being. Energy can be manipulated in different ways for different purposes using various types of stone that posses unique crystalline qualities and set in various geometric shapes and patterns to achieve a desired effect. Each geometric shape from the circle to the tetrahedron etc. holds a particular energy flow and resonance. The effects can be amplified by building the structures on earth energy lines or grids and aligned with certain stars, planets and the rotations of the sun and moon. This connected earth and sky energy thus creating a mystical energetic inter- play that allows at certain synchronized time intervals, the opening of inter-dimensional port holes. Under the guidance of The Shaman Priest and likely under the influence of a psychoactive drug one could cross over to the unseen world of spirit and experience divine consciousness, thus becoming psychologically transformed or reborn if you will.

Along with the positioning of the geometric shaped stone the shape itself controlled the intensity and dispersion of the energy. For example, a straight up lone standing stone would draw earth energy directly upwards and disburse it linearly into the air like acupuncture. If you have two upright stones with another stone on top capping the both as in a Dolman, the cap stone blocks the energy flowing upwards thus greatly energizing the ground and air around it. In the case of Gobekli’s T shaped stones the energy is being released left and right connecting its energy flow to the other stones in the pattern thus creating a unified grid of high energy vibration throughout the whole edifice. These T shapes were employed by a lot of different stone masons around the planet for the same purpose.

Another feature associated with stone structures was harmonic shape and proportion. Most often the angles and corners of the stones structures were rounded either concave or convex. This enhanced the sound quality and increased the resonance of the edifice which elevated the psychological effects of hymns and mantras. Certain various carved indentations as symbols and images, lines, spirals, animals, birds etc. etched onto the face of the stones fine tuned the energy flow and the sound produced within the structure to the desired effect. Most of the images used were ones encountered in shamanic experiences and related to holographic geometric manifestations and cultural human and animal archetypes and gods. The circular placed stones served to contain the energy produced within the structure.

Concerning why the whole structure was buried, I speculate that the builders and people came into conflict with barbarians and with the specter that they would be over taken, wished to preserve their sacred site from desecration and destruction.

As for the great depth of knowledge both mathematical and spiritual, the ancients have forgotten more than modern man will ever know. The extent of their genius is abundantly evident in the numerous great stone structures and earth works they have left behind. It is to the determent of the human spirit that our ignorant so called religious leaders, scientists, teachers and intellects so egotistically and blindly relegate our ancient ancestors to nothing more than partially intelligent superstitious tribal hunters and farmers.

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Truth seeker April 16, 2012 at 10:33 pm

Excellent insights. The connexion between Math (Sacred Geometry), Spirituality and Energy seems to be obvious in ancient cultures.
Definitively official science is insufficient to hold new discoveries and the need of an enhanced point of view about Human History is urgent, in order to approach the everlasting question: What for are we here?
What an excited moment of History, just at the beginning of century XXI!

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free spirit April 3, 2012 at 2:14 pm

A fantastic article say for one thing?
Why can mankind ever be credited with such amazing abilities of creation and wonder, because lets face it we have been here many times before my fellow beings, have we not?

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