The Mind’s Eye

Recent discoveries in astronomy, physics, biology, paleontology, and geology show that a complex web joins us with our planet, our solar system, our galaxy, and with our universe. The universe is not a cold or hostile void. Instead, the earth is a focal point where intricate forces have come together and spun the web of life.

There is a purpose and an underlying intelligence behind the Universe – the Universe is becoming aware of itself through brain-sensory systems it evolves.

All life forms reflect in their design and function the properties of the physical environment in which they live. This is driven by evolutionary adaptation. Bird’s wing reflects aerodynamic properties (physical laws) of the air, the body shape of the dolphin reflects hydrodynamic properties of the water, an eye reflects physical laws governing rays of light…

Eye “design” of crocodile, stingray, shark, cat, owl and human.

 

The Human Eye

The eyes are the two organs of sight. They are located in the front upper part of the skull and consist of structures that focus an image onto the retina at the back of the eye which is a network of nerves that convert this image into electrical impulses to be recorded in a region of the brain. The eyeball lies in pads of fat within the orbit, a bony socket that provides protection from injury. Each eyeball is moved by six delicate muscles which are activated and coordinated by nerves in the brain stem. The eyeball has a tough, outer coat called the “sclera,” or white part of the eye.

The front, circular part is the “cornea” and is transparent. The cornea is the main lens of the eye and performs most of the focusing. Behind the cornea is a shallow chamber full of watery fluid, at the back of which is the “iris” (colored part) with the “pupil” (center). The pupil is black and its diameter is changed by light intensity to control the amount of light which enters the eye. Immediately behind the iris, and in contact with it is the crystalline lens, which contracts to alter its shape and allow focusing power. Behind the lens is the main cavity of the eye, filled with a clear gel. On the inside of the back of the eye is the retina, a structure of nerve tissue on which the image formed by the cornea and the crystalline lens forms.

The retina needs a constant supply of oxygen and sugar, and the need is supplied by a thin network of branching blood vessels which lie just under it called the choroid plexus. The eyeball is sealed off from the outside by a flexible membrane called the “conjunctiva,” which is attached to the skin at the corners of the eye and forms the inner lining of the lids and contains many tiny tear-secreting and mucus-forming glands that protect the eyes from damage due to dryness. [ http://www.innerbody.com/image/nervov.html ]

 

The Formation of Images on the Retina

Because light rays diverge in all directions from their source, the set of rays from each point in space that reach the pupil must be focused. The formation of focused images on the photoreceptors of the retina depends on the refraction (bending) of light by the cornea and the lens. The cornea is responsible for most of the necessary refraction, a contribution easily appreciated by considering the hazy out-of-focus images experienced when swimming underwater. Water, unlike air, has a refractive index close to that of the cornea; as a result, immersion in water virtually eliminates the refraction that normally occurs at the air/cornea interface. The lens has considerably less refractive power than the cornea; however, the refraction supplied by the lens is adjustable, allowing objects at various distances from the observer to be brought into sharp focus on the retinal surface.

Image Formation

We now know the process of how we can perceive light at a molecular level. But how is the image formed?

Light from our surroundings enters our eye through the dioptric media — cornea, lens, aqueous humour and vitreous body. Among these, the anterior part of the cornea accounts for providing nearly 2/3 of the refractive power, because it has a highly curved surface and high refractive index.

Light stimulates the photoreceptors on our retina to produce nerve impulses, which will travel along the optic nerve to the visual cortex of our brain.

The visual cortex of the brain is that part of the cerebral cortex responsible for processing visual information. It is located in the occipital lobe, in the back of the brain. There is a visual cortex in each hemisphere of the brain. The left hemisphere visual cortex receives signals from the right visual field and the right visual cortex from the left visual field.

 

 

The image formed on the retina is real, inverted and smaller. However, on interpretation by the brain, the images will be upright. This is an inborn ability. Some people put it in this way: we ‘see’ with our brain, not our eyes.  [ Sources: Wikipedia and webschoolsolutions.com ]

 

The Eye is not the only way to “see” the World

How Dolphins Perceive Their World

Whales and dolphins (collectively called cetaceans) live in a world in which it is often difficult to see very far. Even in the clearest tropical water the visibility is less than a few hundred feet. This means that cetaceans cannot rely on their vision to communicate or forage. Instead they use sound to explore their water world. The dolphin can work out how far away the fish is from the time it takes the click that was sent out to return. The click returns when it bounces back of an object. If the dolphin keeps producing clicks and receiving the echos, it will get information back about the speed and direction that the fish is moving.

An echolocating dolphin can detect a 2.5cm object from 72 metres away! If the dolphin is far from the target it will produce clicks at a slow rate. The closer the dolphin gets to a target, the faster the clicks bounce back and the faster the dolphin sends out more clicks to detect the object the clicks are bouncing off.  [ http://www.cbmwc.org/education/echo.asp]

The phonic and aural systems of the bottlenose dolphin have evolved well beyond that of other chordates, including the bat.

1. Sound is generated primarily in the nasal passages (and does not emanate from the mouth)
2. Sound generation has been broadened in frequency (into the UHF region of 150 kHz or higher)
3. Sound generation has evolved into two parallel systems that can operate independently or simultaneously
4. Sound reception is supported by two conformal lens-type receivers (unrelated to the “outer ear”)
5. The overall system measures range and azimuth using two distinct operating modes
* pulse mode for short range and high precision (less than 100 meters)
* swept continuous tone for longer range (out to about 600 meters)
* The system can determine the azimuth of active sources at much longer ranges

There is growing neurological evidence that the dolphin can “see” sound patterns just as it and other chordates see light patterns.

* It is likely that it can merge the information that is sees in the visual and acoustic bands.

A front view of the bottlenose dolphin showing the forward looking lens-type external ears and the general location of the melon used for echolocation (dotted overlays) . The caption of the Caldwell & Caldwell figure hint that the eyes and possibly the eye sockets of the dolphin may rotate to support their apparently good stereoscopic vision. The eyes are seen more clearly in the original art. Modified from Caldwell & Caldwell, 1972. http://www.neuronresearch.net/hearing/files/dolphinbiosonar.htm

The marine world is a dynamic environment filled with a myriad of life forms, noises, topographical features, differing substrates, varying water qualities and movements, temperature variations, pressure variations, chemical variations, and objects of various sorts. Many or all of these things may be important for the dolphin to sense, interpret, and act on to protect or enhance its well-being. To achieve that favorable outcome, dolphins have evolved or adapted sensory specializations that enable it to monitor its environment and take advantage of opportunities. Oceanic dolphins have retained the basic senses of vision, hearing, taste and touch, but smell has been abandoned. The olfactory receptors and the olfactory lobes of the brain were apparently lost during the migration of the nostrils to the top of the head, and because olfaction was no longer useful to an air-breathing mammal that spent most of its time underwater and no longer sniffed the air. Other, more useful, senses evolved—echolocation and, apparently, magnetic-field detection.

Hearing and echolocation

The underwater world is filled with sound, providing information to the listener on such diverse things as vocalizing schoolmates, shoaling water, and prey locations. In response to the advantages of perceiving and interpreting underwater sounds, the dolphin’s hearing and sound production systems have undergone extensive modifications. The external ears have disappeared, resulting in a more streamlined body shape better suited to rapid swimming. New sound pathways to the inner ear have evolved, including broad area around the sides of the dolphin’s head and the fat-filled spaces of the lower jaw. Each of the two inner ears is isolated acoustically from the other, enabling the dolphin to precisely locate the sources of underwater sound, something that is very difficult for humans immersed in water. Hearing is remarkably acute throughout a broad range of frequencies, and the dolphin is capable of distinguishing small differences in the frequency (pitch) of sounds. One of the types of sounds produced by the bottlenosed dolphins and some other dolphin species, is the whistle, a narrow-band continuous sound that varies in its frequency. Individual dolphins tend to have unique whistle sounds, called “signatures,” whose changing frequency characteristics can be easily detected by the listening dolphin and often identify who among the schoolmates is whistling. Additionally, the inner ear has been modified to allow for the perception of high-frequency sounds, reaching some ten times or more above the upper limit of adult human hearing. The ability to sense these high-frequency sounds is vital for the dolphin’s echolocation sense, sometimes called its active sonar system, because it allow the dolphin to detect very small objects. Series of very short duration, high-intensity, broad-band clicks containing frequencies as high as 120-kHz are projected in a narrow beam from the region of the dolphin’s melon and broadcast in front of the dolphin into the adjoining waters. When the clicks strike an object, echoes are returned and sensed by the dolphin through its special pathways for hearing. Recent research suggests that these echoes may preserve the spatial structure or shape of the reflecting object and be interpreted by higher center of the dolphin’s brain as an image of the object. This echolocation sense seems to be closely integrated with the dolphin’s visual sense, allowing it to easily relate things heard to things seen. The echolocation signals of dolphins can penetrate through many objects, revealing their inner structures. Spotted and bottlenosed dolphins, for example, have been observed echolocating into the sand bottom of the ocean, searching through sound for hidden fish and rooting them out with their snout.

Dolphin Echolocation

Source: http://www.dolphinkind.com/echolocation.html

Echolocation is a sensory sonar system that dolphins use for communication and for locating things in their environment.

Dolphins release a focused beam of clicking sounds (sound waves) and then listen to the echo. From this they can determine the following about an object (such as a fish).

* size
* shape
* distance
* speed
* direction
* internal structure (depending on the object)

Echolocation enables the dolphin to see in a much more complex way than it might seem. In fact, the information available from echolocation includes things that we would not notice or see with the naked eye. Depending on the object, sound waves can enter beneath the surface therefore giving feedback and information of the internal structure of an object.

The dolphin’s echolocation sensory system is fascinating and complex and remains a mystery in many ways. There are theories that dolphins may view their surroundings holographically and are able to transfer these holographic images to other dolphins. We do know that echolocation is extremely sensitive and allows dolphins to examine small objects hundreds of yards away!

Vision

Because of their exceptional hearing capabilities, their echolocation sense, and the importance of sound in the underwater world, all dolphins were thought of as primarily “auditory animals.” Vision was believed to be not particularly well developed, even in oceanic dolphins, and of secondary importance at best. We now know, however, that oceanic dolphins, such as the bottlenosed dolphin, have excellent vision, and that vision plays an important part in their natural world. Research has shown that dolphins can see equally well both underwater and in air. In contrast, we humans are visually handicapped underwater unless we wear a facemask or goggles. The dolphin instead seems to rely on adaptations of the optical qualities of its cornea and lens to allow it to see well in air or underwater. The dolphin eye, though lacking color vision, is highly sensitive to light in the blue region of the visible spectrum, which is in keeping with its off-shore blue-green underwater world. Dolphins, like dogs and cats, have “eye shine,” produced when light reflects back out of the eye from “mirror cells” located behind the receptor cells of the retina. Mirror cells act to amplify the light entering the eye, making it possible for the dolphin to see well at night or in the dim light of its underwater world. Dolphin eyes are laterally placed, providing a wide field of view enabling the dolphin to see forward, laterally, and even rearward. Also, unlike our eyes, the dolphin’s eyes act independently. For example, as the dolphin swims on its side, the pupil of the downward looking eye, gazing into the dark, may be fully open, while the pupil of the upward looking eye, gazing toward the bright surface, may be tightly constricted. In the wild, underwater vision helps the dolphin to capture swift-moving prey and to keep in contact with schoolmates swimming nearby. It also helps the dolphin to identify its own species, recognize familiar individuals from its social group, and to interpret behavior in the context of age, size, and sex differences of individuals. In-air vision helps the dolphin to keep in contact with more distant leaping members of its group, to detect circling birds that may indicate the presence of prey fish, and to recognize land features in its coastal habitat. Laboratory studies have confirmed that vision is an important information source for the dolphin. Dolphins can attend to and interpret human gestures, follow the direction in which a human is pointing, monitor rapidly occurring visual symbols appearing on a television screen and report the occurrence of certain key symbols, and easily recognize the same objects across the senses of vision and echolocation. It is clear, therefore, that we should regard dolphins as both auditory and visual specialists, making their way though their world through both sound and vision, just like us.

Copyright © 2002, The Dolphin Institute

 

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  1. says

    Learning: Bringing a deeper
    context to Human Becoming.

    By Ron O. Cook

    In order to learn or cognize here in this state of being — informational data must be presented to a sensually endowed entity for stimulation of a preexisting receiver of data. Some call this receiver the human brain — our sensory lens on the physical realm. Interest should then be established at this threshold that provides the perceptive system (cursor) a contrast against background and foreground information stored in its instinctual memory. This data contrast will cause the focusing of resources upon the changing information, which rises in importance. If the data is sufficiently intriguing to the receptors of information then feedback linkages between existing onboard information increases and replicates. Thus a matrix of analysis can begin to be established where new information elements can be extrapolated and or aligned. When there is enough data to establish a creative node, a building or the development of “what-if” conceptualization occurs where the entity can establish an imagination-beachhead and begin to build a new inner universe which leads to understanding the outer universe of data.

    Constant stimulation during the awakened periods allows the entity to grow mentally in an exponential holo-gestalt fashion. This process must be reinforced both internally and externally during a timely period, from an infinite number of sources. Each source can map upon the holographic memory-matrix in an increasingly complex fashion and in a variety of content/context related configurations of constant feedback loops. If data does not become too repetitive, the entity may retain a kind of verve for attaining and manufacturing new data. However, if data is presented in a format that is increasingly less exciting and stimulating to its receptors, than previous learning experiences, (the information float that produced a sort of learning frenzy), begins to deflate. The entity becomes playful, preoccupied or agitated thus signaling that it needs stimulation or it will suffer a learning shutdown. Boredom or flippancy is born — and if the entity perceives it the duty of outside sources to provide it constant adulation, then it pouts and becomes an addicted victim of society’s makeup for pandering. Selfishness and blame become part of its being in that constant attention from outside sources is expected to keep it on a learning high.

    To go beyond this basic process of learning, a human must not hang-up on the pains of self-love to the extent that higher ordered processes are not possible. Deep knowledge comes to the animated mind held in a constant seeking state. One that is stimulated by ever increasing complexity of a holistic variety built upon the understanding of the Otherworld outside of the self can intellectually grow — exponentially. Empowerment of the human is gained when it becomes aware that all outside information from the Otherworld makes the being what he/she is about. We are what we learn through reflection. For us to become more, we must learn more — learning more creates the challenge followed by a thirsty response and a new challenge. Mental growth then becomes fractally-geometric or holo-gestalt (universal holographic-like mind processes building one through the many).

    During childhood, we are initially on a pathway that will take us to higher ordered knowledge because we are learning our way at our own pace. All things relate. Then little by little our primary-input-parent begins to tear us away from the natural course of learning and puts us on a linear pathway toward systematic, step-by-step processes of input decipherment. Because of our first four years of wrong-oriented indoctrination by a selfishly inclined adult, we usually follow in their footsteps and become a holographic copy of them. Today, our schools continue this linear process after most of our parents or guardians initially prepare us for the world of mediocrity.

    Humans come into this world from the holomovement of a generative order that science is only now beginning to see. Its foundations originate from a universe of cognitive processes that know and are reflected (manifested) into our being. As we begin to perceive the miniscule level from where we issue forth, we become more amazed at the immensity of understanding required by the mystery from which we are crystallized into being. This world of the unknown dwells within and outside of the dreamscape of imagination. Exploration of this point-of-departure for creative expression is a portion that has been, for the most part, withheld from our learning patterns during public education. In our past, great philosophers and artisans came from the dreamscape where an understanding of responsibility to the Otherworld produced selfless humans. Love was at the core of reinforcement for existence.

    Learning of our existence has been replaced with the evolutional (school of:) misunderstanding that has no capacity for love, or for a universe that is alive through creative verve. We are given a linear system that values our contributions as insignificant. If man is a mere animal, then life is a mere accident according to the evolutionist’s criteria. Higher ordered knowledge gained on a deeper more gestalt level shows this is not true by itself. There is much more to this powerful existence. If our children were to learn of selfless love and holistic perception, our society would reflect the morality we need to make the jump to a more advanced civilization. We must begin a deeper investigation of the philosophies of the past intertwined with the discoveries on the frontiers of Science (Physics).

    Do we live in defining times where the future and science fiction are blurred out over the time/space continuum? Does existence even matter? One thinks so. Humanity likes to look at the precursors of events and the trends and conditions that impact our lives. Deep thinkers read them in a psycho-cognitive means of determining how we leverage for our very existence. The tools of human leveraging show us the future. Some say words mean something and they believe like R. A. Schwaller de Lubicz, that all symbols of being (a state of existence) show us the coming times as well as the ancient times.

    Trends and conditions are like movies that tell us in cryptograms how the future will be borne out. Add the ability to visualize via gestalt, empathic means and one can see the coming times in clarion contrast to the past. If one meditates upon this information, he/she may experience a euphoric state of knowledge. The writer does this at night in between being asleep and awake. It is a grand state of mind to see these things in the Middle Way. But what is more important — to see them come into focus as real-world events that are even more startling.

    We call this means of transfer — Future-Time. It is a period existing almost as a dreamscape filled with surrealistic images of trends and conditions that are spinning out at chaotic speeds to amplify and burgeon our mentality. It is a condition where reality and dreams suggest the third realm of imagination manifestation through creative ideation and visualization. Few of us tend to dwell in this realm, but more should seek it for it is indeed there for all of us to partake of.

    Such a collection of intuitive concepts was once unperceived (unseen) by mankind but now it is reconstituting as order or unity at a higher level of existence and we are beginning to see it for what it is. Now, humanity is on the threshold of visualizing Future/Time as a startling reality while it concurrently dovetails with Ancient-Past to present a vision of human duration. Today, we are in a state of intellectual and spiritual limbo that marks an Age or a World of Being transcending on to create the Omega Age of Becoming. This age could be where humanity is headed. But one must seek this state of understanding in order to even know its power to thought and later to wisdom. “Seek and you will find. Knock and the door will be opened.” Words to the Wise.

  2. says

    THE HAND THAT SEES, IS THE MIND THAT MOVES…ENIGMNI

    It is strange; the Gardened One is a volatile planet that resets its equilibrium every 12,000 to 24,000 orbits, yet it has been the site where Agri-Omegons prefer to experiment with new genetic concepts that need a punctuated planetary change in order to cause such mutations to initiate into manifestation. This characteristic of the place causes faster changes in old systems of genetic engineering. Millions of orbits have seen the Omegon’s control of Gardened One create a place of extreme beauty and bountiful products for all of Hytona.

    Musing causes me to wonder about Koan, if he still exists and I am feeling that he does — I wonder if such a dangerous place could be settled with the mentality that the Enmayi have to bring to the possibility. The Gardened One requires knowledge of its ways and means. If Koan and Planca survived the trials of space travel in their little crafts, then let it be their justice to experience the liquid fire of the third planet’s wrath! We Omegons have long observed this world and know to forecast its events through superior knowledge of Chaos Dynamics. Koan has not the knowledge unless the (En Light Ment) has given him the edge. I fear for the Agri-Omegons who still work the planet. If Koan does arrive, his attitude and behavior would subject the good Omegons to an experience in initiation to the All. Those placid Agris have lived in tranquil paths for so long, yet the introduction to the escaping Enmayi would signal a rapture beyond glory. What a challenge in these Virtual Realms of Goge, to try to guide such a runaway mentality as the collective Koanians. They would truly be blessed to try.

    The Omegon life is long, so much longer than the short span of being for an Alphian or an Alphi/Omegian. Our stable, crystallized makeup is far superior to the soft fleshy versions that we all once experienced in the early stages of our development. They are doomed to repeat over and over in those soft sheaths, bags of red fluid, searching for the pathway back to understanding their final immortality. I feel so passionate about their plight; notwithstanding, it must be done. How do they, no, how did I forget each life so easily, when upon entering this broadcast of pixelated matter in atomic structure. This state within the virtual playground of multifaceted spirit is so demanding of total control, lest the secret escapes. The secret must be found by each being for initiation into the All. So much is hidden within the holospirited mind — perhaps to just make this illusion convincing and interesting — thereby anchoring the mentality into the form of the entity.

    These thoughts have caused me to turn, almost totally, inward. The source of being whispers to me as I walk these last strides on this my last survey mission. I feel it. I am prepared now. It is almost as though I feel the confidence of knowing my fate and understanding my purpose as an essential part of the broadcasting Deity. It is a secure feeling to slowly dislocate elements that swim toward my portal of dismissal. The calmness of my inner center against the latent turmoil of Leche’s potential is worthy of contemplation. Silence and contrasting chaos, normalcy and turmoil — it is really beautiful on the highest perceptive viewpoint from an Omegon’s eye that sees as it seeks to move matter.

    Ahau! I am experiencing ultra-omnic thoughts on the fastest fly. Timelessness calls. This speed is blinding my normal mode to express localization in Light.

    The near-equalibrium (entropic-ending) state of the Enmayi planet has cast my thinking into a metaphysical analysis, comparing the world of Potdomes to all of Goge society, culture, civilization, universe, and myself as part. At every neuronic light-pulse, I begin to expand upon burgeoning thought…and now, from nowhere another ultra-omnic burst of data sweeps in and concurrently phases with my other concentrations. This must be how one feels at virtual birth. I remember — the excitement of learning is such a challenge and so precious. The rapidity of expansion is hyper-geometric, building from knowns to eliminate unknowns, intuitively, in a musical coherency that aligns bifurcations of past joys into contextual and gestalt upon ever expanding gestaltedness forming totality. It is how a being learns the Crux of Being — learned in inter-connective wavelengths of dimensional realities. Now, I sink even deeper into unhindered contemplation.

    Thoughts are firing into the totality of my mind’s “position cursor” or the mental reference realm — the guideware of focused evaluation. Where are the data issuing from what source? The source is not my center; it generates from the island of the All, the exterior energy of Light, source that flows into my farther subconsciousness and amplifier. I must admit I have not previously had access to these sights of transcendence in thoughts, sights, or color. I have not the sensory capability to cause an awakened knowledge of this experience.

    My mind is emulating the texture of a swirling vortex of multifaceted holo-spirituality, a field full of dimensionally changing stars impacted by mentality. Goge-like lucidity that once was not provided, but now flows beyond reason — it is mine! My reference receiver is amplified to see symbolic language of the One, charging in thought – wads that unfold and present impetus toward extended decipherment. Each wave maps out new vistas for ever-widening thought at exponential rates. Entities of mind-beings spring forth in creativity to entice me to fall within their range of relationships. Expressing what I sense is beyond Scepter’s ability to record my thoughts.

    I have often thought of virtual life as a great collection of recorded elements that have all the information etched electromagnetically within their dimensional plan. They are a grand collection of eternity. Each being is scanning and is scanned within the continuum of vast and unending data. The Eye of Enigmni scans as a cursor of Time, this continuum where impetus becomes action. There all holospirited beings are localized. Our minds are tuned to carry the universal cursor as we experience life at the same virtual playing period and speed/space. Is Time the Mind’s Eye — a projection of the One in the All? The Eye focused on the vortex of Being? Is His memory issuing through our being? We are certainly One in the absolute totality. This illusion is a great cacophony of localized sensations, seeking the union of a coherent ascension toward the All High! His dreams are our reality!

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