The Great Pyramid and Transport of Heavy Stone Blocks

The Great Pyramid and a new approach for the construction

Transport of Heavy Stone Blocks with Human Power in Ancient Times

Copyright 2012 by Henk J. Koens
                                             
We have all ever wondered how the ancient Egyptians were able to transport the 2.5 million  limestone blocks to build the Great Pyramid. The handling of stone blocks with a weight from one to several tons in such a quantity is a gigantic operation, even in our days.    

Herodotus in “The Histories” (5th century B.C. ) talks about “… machines formed of short wooden planks” used for  pyramid building. [ Editor's note: read this relevant post about it:  The Pyramid Tales  ]                

Here is author’s interpretation of  “machines formed of short wooden planks“:

HK_GP_wheel

What is not understood?

The general idea in the existing literature is that the Egyptians transported the stone blocks on wooden sledges. These sledges were dragged forward by a team of human workers.
However, the efficiency of a sledge transport is extremely low. It required an enormous effort and so many human workers that the working area and the road to the pyramid would be overcrowded. Probably in special situations sledges were used but it is difficult to believe that this was the case for the great majority of transportations.
The idea is that there must have been a more efficient transport system to meet the required building and time conditions.

Is there an alternative?    

About the same time Parry(1997) and Mladjov (1998) came up with a revolutionary idea that these stone blocks were transported by rolling . The use of a vehicle on wheels was not an option because the “wheel” was not known to the Egyptians and above all  not solid enough for these heavy loads. But the authors failed to give us a satisfying and practical solution. However, this idea was not new. Already in 1977 an english engineer John D. Bush (The rolling stones) suggested this method and it was earlier described by Vitruvius, an ancient roman architect, in his book “Architecture, vol. X, chapter 2/14”

Was there a simple and practical solution?                          

We know that the use of rollers for the transport of  heavy loads was an every day technique in ancient Egypt. Therefore upscaling of this proces for large items was a logical thought.  
The Eyptians did their work with ropes and levers. Furthermore were copper, stone (dolerite) and wood the only available materials. But probably also bronze, a material 2 to 3 times as hard and strong as copper. A tool of bronze has been  found in the pyramid. So simplicity had to be the keyword.

A practical alternative might have been the rolling stone carrier : A device that carries a stone block, consisting of two wooden discs with a stone block inbetween, firmly tied together with a rope (see the next picture)

HK_GP_wheel2 and a practical solution for a load of 2500 kg (see the next picture):

HK_GP_wheel

A disc made of local available materials

A disc could be made of a number of similar shaped wooden circle segments. If copper nails were not available, wedges, wooden pins or a rope could be used to connect the parts.  (see pictures below).

HK_GP_wheel3

Another tool, especially designed for not uniform big stone blocks, consisted of a disc system in which the stone block was supported by 4 wooden bars, fastened with wedges (see the next picture)

HK_GP_wheel4

How did it work?

The discs and stone as a whole is a rolling element. With a pair of shafts and holes in the center of the discs the carrier could be pushed and pulled forward by human power or by an animal. The long shafts made it easy to round sharp corners.
The effect of the heavy load is directly transferred to the bottom through the discs. So the center holes did not suffer the heavy load and served only as input for the light pulling force. But even without the shafts the workers could move the stone block by pushing up the discs on both sides (see pictures below)

HK_GP_wheel5

Transport of a 2.5 ton stone block

On a rigid and plain bottom (wood, stone or bricks) such a system with wooden discs has a friction factor against rolling of  about 0.025.  
This value can be determined by model experiments and is known to transport companies that have the experience that large wooden cable reels start rolling down at a slope of slightly more than 2.5 % (1:40), which means that the friction factor is equal to the value of this slope or 0.025.
Therefore the transport of a stone block with a weight of 2.5 tons on a plain surface requires a pulling force of  0.025 x 2500 = 63 kgf (139 lbs). So a team of 6 human workers can easily pull this stone block forward.
In contrast, a wooden sledge with this load has a friction factor of 0.2 to 0.4 and requires a pulling force of at least 0.2 x 2500 = 500 kgf (1100 lbs) !

How many workers were needed to transport this load uphill?

To reach the construction platform of the pyramid there existed a ramp or a spiral road around the pyramid with a slope of about  5% (1:20).
To overcome the gravity component of the load, an additional pulling force was necessary of  5% of  2.5 ton or 0.05 x 2500 = 125 kgf (275 lbs), which makes the total effort 63 + 125 = 188 kgf (414 lbs).
Therefore at the foot of the pyramid 10 workers with a rope were added to obtain the required extra power. With an effort of 188 / 16 or about 12 kgf (26 lbs) per worker, a team of in total of 16 human workers could transport this load uphill (see the next picture).

HK_GP_wheel6

The transportation and how it was arranged    

Most authors believe that the Egyptians had to quarry and to transport daily 40 stone blocks per hour to meet the required construction period of 20 years.
This means a delivery to the construction platform of one stone block every 1.5 minute. In this time and with an assumed speed of 1.5 km per hour, a transport team could cover a distance of 1.5 / 60 x 1500 = 37.5m. With this transport system it was possible to create  a continuous flow of stone blocks to the construction platform with a distance of 37.5 m between two successive transport teams (see next picture).
It took roughly one hour to transport a stone block over a road (slope 5%) with a length of 1400m from the foot of the pyramid to an altitude of 70m (halfway to the top).

HK_GP_wheel7

How many carriers were needed?

The distance from the pyramid to the nearby quarries was about 700m, so that the total length of the transport line from the quarry to a construction platform halfway to the top was 1400 + 700 = 2100m. So with an average distance of 37.5 m between two transport teams, a number of 2100 / 37.5 or 56 disc systems were on the road. This means that together with the same number of returning carriers, in this situation a total of 112 were daily in use.

How many transport workers were involved ?

The uphill transportations to a construction platform halfway to the top, required 1400 / 37.5 or 37 teams of  16 workers and the horizontal transportations
700 / 37.5 or 19 teams of 6 workers, so in total
37 x 16 + 19 x 6 = 706 workers. The same number of workers was always on the way back. The returning workers had time enough to do additional jobs on the construction platform and in the quarries. One can conclude that in this case roughly 1412 workers were daily on the road.                                              

How was the carrier loaded in the quarry?

When the quarry workers with their stone or bronze tools were ready with removing the material on both sides of the stone block and underneath, two beams and rollers were placed under the stone block. Then they made a carve on the top backside of the stone block and placed wedges to split it. After splitting it rested on the rollers. Now it could be rolled away from the stone wall and in this position it was possible to give the stone block its final size in accordance with the internal dimensions of the disc.  Both sides of the stone block were accessible now for mounting the discs. (see the next picture)

HK_GP_wheel8 How many people worked in the quarries?

The “NOVA-experiment” showed us that with a correction for the primitive tools in the early days,
2 workers could carve a stone block in 2 days.
So a production of 40 stone blocks per hour or 320 per day, required a daily manpower of 320 x 4 = 1280 workers.

Delivery and positioning of the stone block

To prevent differences in height in a new to build layer, it was very important that all the stone blocs of that layer had the same thickness (Petrie).
However, the dimensions of the center area of the carrier dictaded exactly the thickness of the stone block.  So this requirement was always met when  the same size of carrier was used.
Unloading the stone block took place with rollers and slanted beams. Afterwards the empty discs were returned to the quarry for the next transport.
If necessary, adjustments could be made. Large fragments were not returned but as much as possible transformed into reusable building elements. Debris was used as filling material. The final positioning of the stone block took place with heavy rams. 

General conclusions for this transport system

  • The rolling stone carrier was a simple design and made of local available materials. This tool made it possible to transport heavy stone blocks in an efficient way and with human power.
  • The carrier was very compact, easy to handle and it could easily round sharp corners.
  • With this tool the activities in the quarry can be fully   explained and this tool made it possible to deliver stone blocks with a constant thickness.
  • Calculations about the transport capacity and the use of manpower lead to reasonable values.
  • This tool could also be used as temporary storage and was an optimal solution for long distance transportations by ship. 

Critical comments

The rolling stone carrier is a rolling object and differs  considerably from a vehicle with wheels. A vehicle with weels (unknown to the Egyptians) has always a shaft with bearings which is not rigid enough to withstand the heavy load of a stone block. The rolling stone carrier had no bearings but only simple discs and was strong enough to transport these loads.
So far no carrier system has been found during excavations, other than some wooden circle segments found by Petrie. However, wood was a valuable material for building and firing, so it is understandable  that not much of this material can nowadays be found. Nevertheless we know that the Egyptians were good craftsmen who could build ships and certainly also carrier systems.

OTHER MYSTERIES

The above mentioned transportations with the rolling stone carrier, only apply for the bulk of the building materials.
There is also the question how the Egyptians transported the extreme heavy granite stone blocks needed for the construction of the king’s chamber and  how they lifted these stone blocks to an altitude of about 60m. There were about 50 items, each with a weight between 50 to 70 tons.
In literature there is also discussion about the type of ramp or upward road that was used by the Egyptians.

What is the answer to these questions?

How were stone blocks of 50 tons and more raised to a high level?

The answer is simple. These heavy objects were placed on one of the first layers of the working platform at the start of the construction of the pyramid. After every new layer they were lifted to the next higher layer until the required level was reached. On the working platform there was place enough for special tools and  extra workers.

How were these stone blocks transported?

These enormous granite stone blocks arrived by ship from Aswan, 1000km to the south of Gizeh. If further transportation took place with a wooden sledge, a number of at least 400 workers would  have been needed. Even with lubrication and a very low friction factor of 0.2 , the pulling force was already as high as 0.2 x 50,000 = 10,000kgf or 22,000lbs !
A disc system of a large dimension (e.g. discs with a diameter of 4m or 13ft) was a far better solution. Because of the higher transport efficiency the labor force could be reduced to 15% and less. This disc system could also be used for the stone lifting proces on the platform and for temporary storage (see pictures below). HK_GP_wheel9

HK_GP_wheel10

HK_GP_wheel11

How were these heavy stone blocks placed in the transport discs ?

This process required a special wooden tool, consisting of two circle segments connected by wooden bars.    
When the stone block in the quarry was splitted by using wedges, it rested on this tool. Then the workers rolled the stone block away a from the stone wall with levers and ropes. Now it was possible to mount the discs on both ends of the stone block. (see pictures below)

HK_GP_wheel12

What type of ramp was used?

The step by step method of lifting heavy stone blocks on the working platform of the pyramid, had a great advantage. Because of the low level at the start of the construction of the pyramid, a voluminous and labor intensive ramp was not necessary. Only a short ramp was needed to place these enormous stone blocks on the first layers of the pyramid.  

A spiral road for the bulk transports

A transport team with a stone block carrier was usually not wider than 1.5m (5 ft) and the great majority of loads was not heavier than 2 to 3 tons.
These values are not extremely high so that a normal road with a width of 5m (15 ft) was applicable. There was enough space to enable the up- and downgoing transportations.
Therefore and from a logistical point of view an ascending and spiral road along the periphery of the pyramid was the most appropriate solution (see pictures below).

 HK_GP_wheel13

 

HK_GP_wheel14

Afterword

So far some ideas and solutions for unsolved questions or so called “mysteries” that circulate about the construction of the Great Pyramid.
One can conclude that these mysteries can be solved, only with the proper use of local available materials, simple engineering techniques, skilled craftsmen and human labor. And above all, a high quality management. All these solutions can be supported by realistic calculations.

Not all these solutions are new, but they are now placed in a context that give us possible answers to how this incredible building was built !

Copyright 2012 by Henk J. Koens
Presented with Author’s Permission

 Links

PS The Great Pyramid – Alternative methods of moving heavy stone blocks

Note: The following is the Editor’s selection

The Egyptians did not use the wheel during the Pyramid Age, an invention that would have been of limited used on softer ground under heavy loads. The sleds were dragged manually, sometimes with the help of beasts of burden, over smoothed roads. Some of the existing pathways were equipped with transverse wooden beams to lend support to the sled. A lubricant may have been poured upon the road to reduce friction. (For more information, see Moving Large Objects.)

wooden sled
Cedar sled from Lisht.
© Copyright Dieter Arnold, Building in Egypt, p. 276

Moving a limestone block

© Copyright Dieter Arnold, Building in Egypt, p. 278

Read More: How did Egyptians build the Great Pyramid?

Jean-Pierre Houdin

The secret of the construction of the pyramid of Khufu in Egypt has always held people in fascination. Numerous theories have been put forward but none has yet stood up to analysis. Nearly a decade ago, the architect Jean-Pierre Houdin had a flash of intuition and developed a revolutionary theory. 


Internal Ramp Spiral

This thermal photo reveals internal ramps and confirms Houdin’s theory.

Elio Diomedi

For years, scientists and explorers have debated over the question: How did the Egyptians build the pyramids? Now a new solution has been found by Italian researcher Elio Diomedi that may provide answers in this controversial documentary.  “Railroad” like wooden tracks would allow to drag sleds on wooden beams supporting to the sled. A lubricant may have been poured upon the wood beams to significantly reduce the friction.

- – – – – -

Read More: How did Egyptians build the Great Pyarmid? — World Mysteries

 

Comments

  1. Greg Moress says

    The 2014 Oct/Nov edition of the “Ancient Egypt” magazine provides a theory that allows the raising of those really large blocks that nullify most other theories. In a nutshell, the pyramid is the ramp and counterweights are used.

  2. Ir. Ben J. Hendriks says

    Good day Mister Koens,

    I really would appreciate your contacting me at my e-mail address. You’ll be pleasantly surprised.

    Kind regards,

    Ben J. Hendriks

  3. Ir. Ben J. Hendriks says

    Of the many different “solutions” on how to built the Great Pyramid there are just two to be taken seriously, yours and Franz Löhner’s. Yet I have some essential improvements to make a complete working method from base to capstone. I already sent Franz Löhner my ideas and would like to send you this as well.
    Could you send me your e-mail address, eventually your post address.
    Kind regards,

    Ir. Ben J. Hendriks
    Woudtzicht 1
    2678 NG De Lier NL
    +31 153808904
    [email protected]

  4. says

    The perception of time is required to know and understand. For example the wheels that Genesis speaks of as Pharaoh’s chariots are 1513bc and yet scholars chose Jewish 1313bc and even pushed it to 1290bc to have 430 years in Egypt, ignoring that the 430 years of Exodus is about being an alien resident anywhere while waiting for God’s government. It also is an attempt to account for 600,000 Israelites when Israelite is a citizen not a family. Everyone who left Egypt with Israel became adopted and converted by them in the salvation. Back up to the years before the wheel does not mean they didnt have round stones. Rolling a stone gives a pyramid a length of pi whether they use that stone for a wheel or not, whether it have a diameter of a cubit, or a radius of a cubit. The radius is likely by swinging a cubit into full circle and cutting the stone to be your ruler measuring the foundation sides of the pyramid. The capstone article at this website also shows a 2-cubit height that a round stone can be rolled just half around to make that capstone with the sides of pi-cubit. Draw a diameter line across the 2 cubits, and roll the stone half around. So they may not have had wheels in 2170bc but they had that rolling stone. BUT WHEN did they have it. The pyramid is not proven as having been started as a pyramid. Easily, the rolled stone came decades later since each chamber was built 92 years apart. Odd how scholastic genius can insist a pyramid was 20 years while they cant account exactly for 1000 years (the Genesis 340 years to 2030bc being 1060 years in Egyptian who added 720 years). The death of Peleg in year 340 is also the fall of Ur’s 1st dynasty in 2030bc, but changed to year 768 with Peleg dying in 2321bc so that these 1060 are 291 years after his death. Thus the next 380 are Egyptian 1440 instead of Genesis 720 in 1650bc. The short planks are on pyramid walls as sledges or sleds. Doing things the long slow way is what they wanted so that tedious workers give leaders a life of rich leisure, same as today. The Egyptians having damaged herniated spinal disks from this greed is not a preFlood 2560bc (in Egyptian this is postFlood Egyptian Noah 3090bc) but all critics always defy truth by making contradiction as something YOU believe by their saying YOUR Flood is Ussher’s 2948bc. Simple fact is the C-14 level so low yet growing after the Flood allows the false stretch up to 20,000 years. Thus when they try to give humans our same diseases 6000 years ago, the Egyptians and bodies autopsied are postFlood showing the cruel system we still live by. Adam himself died at 930 only 5108 years ago, and Noah our father died at 950 living longer just 4033 years ago. So the bottom line isnt the true timeline nor the “explanations” of what makes this unbelievable “truth” what we should believe. The real point is the destruction of people and lives for stupid projects. The invention of money is no more than promised notes for work that are interchangeable with other people. When they sell your mortgage to someone else, or a bank sells your credit to another bank without telling them your bankruptcy nulled the ability to collect it, this is the evil that those projects represent. That damn pyramid was just one of hundreds in which that one took 276 years to build and then its shaft could no longer see the star Thuban in 1894bc. So they lie and make it symbollic. Is that what you people want to do, drive symbolic cars, and cook on symbolic stoves? Right now government taxes pay Alaska to microwave the ionosphere with 360 ground satellite dishes (doubled the 180 in just one year) just to see what it does. Europe has it, and Russia has it. Sounds like angels before the Flood messing with the air to show miracles and then saying it wont fall from an asteroid like Noah says it will. I sit between critics who hate me from both sides. Religion says i try to be science instead of love God, and scientists say that i am too religiously mythical. I am a voice going unheard until Armageddon strikes. I am not selfish trying to save myself like people think is my reason for anything io learn. To the contrary I am scared that if John was beheaded before Jesus was slaughtered, that i too will be a world omen killed before the church-bride of Jesus on earth is also killed (as was Jesus). Raptured for 40 days like Jesus by Roman spears. Yet while the world sees no resurrection, that bride will appear in closed doors, and even then Thomas will want to see the wounds. My dates may come and go, but never without an omen like the asteroid this Feb 15. Christmas came and went, yet Easter is ahead.

  5. says

    Biblical aid in understanding the time to build pyramids. The star Thuban is aimed at 2170bc. At the time this was calculated nobody knew that the pyramid which has a tradition to measure every 100 years was built 200 years after the Flood (a chronology by WatchTower in 1955). Nor has Americans noted Nimrod’s life of 500 years until 1984 when I read of it. At Wikipedia where they delete everything i write, I still attempt to throw it into the TALK page. ==Ascending passage==
    Description of the ascending passage in this article saying “almost exact angle” is negligent deliberate malice propaganda with intent of writer’s creating favoritism to specific theories. The ascending passage has the equivalent difference in angle to that of 92 years precession away from the pole thus less altitude. This proves that the 20-year claim to build it is false if 92 years passed from first chamber to 2nd chamber. Modern 20 years is a reduction of the TRADITION it is for 25-year Osiris (moon of 309 lunar months), and attempting to get the stones cut in 5 years, thus build it in 20. But as they say, a lie requires more lies, the lie of 25 years results in lying covering over the reflective angle which has been published for decades in pyramid books. But writers want it a perfect reflection not changed for precession.

  6. Ab Asaff says

    The Ancient Egyptians possessed a high spiritual science lost on modern man. Their whole way of life was centered around their profound knowledge and manipulation of energy. They understood the electrical magnetism of energy and how it functions. Their Physics was far more advanced than ours as they approached control of matter through the understanding the unseen force of energy where we try to understand energy by observing and dissecting matter to its smallest energetic atomic form. They were able to control and diminish the attraction of gravity on matter and therefore levitate huge stones at ease particularly stone with certain crystalline properties such as lime stone which forms the outer casing of The Grat Pyramids.

    To save a long detailed explanation here, it would serve better to direct your attention to the latest revelations as to how Coral Castle was built by Ed Leedskalnin who postulated that he knew the secret of the Ancient Egyptian Masons, which was the control of magnetism or gravity.

  7. RickyRasper says

    The Egyptians didn’t have the wheel! Are you sure? I’m pretty certain they had them on their carts and chariots not to mention their extensive use of geared capstan wheels and bronze pulley wheels and pottery wheels!

  8. says

    After many years trying to get through to people that more than 4200 years ago the gravity of Earth was considerably weaker than it is today. As most people are not physicists, they can not understand the principle or bonding forces of the Electron. The electron is what holds matter together and if the level of electrons are increased in our planet Earth by another passing planet that has an extremely high level of these electrons that got close enough to Earth to be able to download Its gravity causing electrons into Earth’s crust via plasma lightning, then this would not only increase Earth’s gravity but would also increase the hardness of every thing on the planet and Stone in particular.
    I am not going to go through all that I have discovered about this amazing Godly created Phenomena here, or even argue about it. If you want to know more I suggest you got to my Face Book wall and Click on the large picture at the top and go from there. Click through the linked photographs from that first photo. http://www.facebook.com/#!/roy.savill1
    Just try your hardest to let this sink in and then you can understand how it was possible for Dinosaurs to have survived for millions of years with their immense sizes that nature deemed suitable for its environment and to have a good chace of surviving.
    Ho by the way… That passing planet was Venus. OK, I’ll be holding my breath until you start to believe this is Fact. Yeah right. The world is full of Drones. Are You one of them?

    • savatarsavage says

      dinosaurs were able to exist because when they were around earth’s oxygen levels were around 35%, as the oxygen levels dropped more and more dinosaurs started to die out as they had no diaphragms to draw adequate oxygen for there body size. thus only small (low lying) reptiles and mammals (which have diaphragms) were able to adjust to the changing oxygen levels. levels are now around 21%. gravity has nothing to do with it. gravity levels would have been slightly higher than today as the earth’s rotation has slowed and the moon is much further away than it was.

  9. I AM says

    Thank you for sharing your points of view.
    How are we going to comprehend each other, if when someone brings a new point of view, the tolerance is zero?

    I celebrate the daring of the theory, beyond accuracy.
    It’s a start. I thank the effort behind.
    Keep sharing it!

  10. ek says

    I will say this about the pyramids…We will never know how they were built or the age or by whom they were actually built by. Everything is speculation and conjecture. What difference does it really make? None.

    When someone from this civilization can actually demonstrate the process of building one in, but they can’t and they won’t. I bet you could take a million people and you still could not build one of these monuments to the same accuracy or by using any of the techniques that have been proselytized over the course of the last 2000 years.

  11. hubilein says

    @Sternenheizer:
    Dann beweisen Sie doch doch mal Ihre Worte, Herr Sternenheizer! Bin gespannt! Wo sind die tollen Werkzeuge von denen Sie reden. Ich will die sehen, anfassen benutzen und begutachten. Außerdem: Bei so vielen englischen Rechtschreibfehlern müssten Sie sich erstmal bei den Lesern entschuldigen. Deshalb meine Worte in nativer Reinform.

    @Mr Koens: Nice article, good layout and really in scienctific writing. Well done.
    Hope to read more in this form on this site!

    PS Google Translation: Then prove it, Mr Stern heater! I’m curious! Where are the great tools of which you speak. I want to see, touch and examine. Also: With so many English spelling mistakes you would have to first apologize to the readers. Therefore, words in my native pure form.

  12. Starheater says

    Mister Koens
    About the Pyramids of Giza, I have other statements to say. Imagine what I am saying, when the bloc is almost in place, you’ve got to ajust him to a fraction of a milimiter, think about that, you are very wise with number, now give me the right technic to do it right. How could you manege to ajust those bloc? have an idea? I dont think so, this is out of you imagination, you can imagine every way that your mind inspire you.
    You are on the wrong side Mister Koens, I have the sensation that you are far from giving me a proprer answer to my question. You are on the dark side of the Moon, and please dont give me the E.T. explanation about the construction of those marvels, that would’nt be appropriate regarding what I have told about the man of God who have construct the Pyramids.

    Now, I must say an important fact that will surely happen in the year 2013, your site will suffer from a lack of visiters, this is base on my Pi number, and it goes like this: 1 truth = many visiters, 1 lie = many lost of visiters, if you base on 10 visiters per truth and counting the factors of spreding the news by those visiters, you can X by 5 or 10 depending if there hochey, the visitors that will come to your site. But if you lie, and this is proven, you will have the same amount of persons visiting your site, but no glory to claim to. When the one you claim the truth will gone, your site will colapse week after weeks.
    Know something, when a magician perform on stage, all the people are in is magic, but when the act is finish, so the magic, because we all know that this is just a question of tricks, this is the same for your Maths when you dont give a valor or a explanation who justify why those maths, because number can be like letter that form a picture who reveal a certain truth. Keep a good eye on me, because that’s what I am doing for this site. When they are something that I am sure that is not right, I replace thae fact like it should be, I do that because I love truth, and I am sure that all the visitors on this site are feeling the same. God Bless

    • RickyRasper says

      I come to this site for the entertainment value. The guy who wrote the above article say’s the Egyptians ” did not know of ” the wheel!! It’s stupid beyond belief but very funny and cheers me up. I would love to hear his theory on what the Egyptian chariots moved on?

      • Henk says

        Don’t you know that the first chariots in ancient Egypt were introduced by the Hyksos invaders in 1700 B.C. , so eight centuries later than the construction of the Great Pyramid ?

  13. Starheater says

    Reminder:

    I am sure that you know that the Pyramid of Egypt was cited in the Bible in Isaiah 19:19-20

    So by this fact you know that they were man of God. They have mention another construction in the Bible, I mean those man of God. God Bless

    • RickyRasper says

      No, sorry no mention of a pyramid. My bible says an alter and a monument. The monument you “speculate” incorrectly as a pyramid is in fact known to be “Solomon’s Pillar!

  14. Starheater says

    Hello Mister Koens
    I dont know if you were enough intellegent to be accepted by a school, but I know that your explanation is very ridicule, and illogic like Spock would have said. I cannot believe that you are dum like this, it’s impossible, so I will have to conclude that those who employ you are not update with technic employ by ancien Egyptians an they are dinosaur of the third kind. So if you are enough intellegent to calculate like you do, you will understand explanations that I will give you.
    First: All the bloc were carve with subsonic tools, you know, like the wistle hi-fi for the dog. The frequency was ajust to the hardness of the stone.
    Second: All the bloc were submit to antigravity tool that would permit the easy transport of all heavy blocs.
    Third: Those bloc were ajust in place for matching with the same tool that serve to cut those blocs.

    Now, listen carefully, the Ancien was not cro-magnon, they didn’t walk like the hunchback of Notre-Dame, they were more intelligent that we are. Beside the tools that have developpe, they were in possession of dynaspheric engin, this is what you call OVNI, this engin was in service to transport the heavy blocs from point A to point B. Some specialiste have said that the bloc were cut with laser, but laser is to strong for this job, the rock explose when in contact with the ray of laser, keep that in mind. You see, there is a bug in all theories that specialistes to explain this matter, and this bug is that if they admit that our ancestors were more intelligent than us, they will be oblige to say that our origin is the monkey, causing a great hadycap to the adept of Darwin. Purhaps Darwin had monkey for grand-father, but I can assure you that my Great-Father was Adam, after all, Darwin was not very intelligent. God Bless.

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